Ipil-ipil (Leucaena leucocephala) leaves as a plant protein source in prawn diets
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Penaeus monodon juveniles were fed diets containing fish meal, shrimp head meal and ipil-ipil leaves soaked and unsoaked, local and peruvian varieties. Mean weight gain at the end of 8 wk was significantly highest among those given the diet containing commercial ipil-ipil leaves. Gain in length followed the same pattern as mean weight gains. Among the diets containing ipil-ipil leaves there was a direct relationship in the amount of mimosine in the diet and the survival rate, the lower the amount of mimosine (due to soaking) the higher the survival rate. The Results thus indicate the beneficial effect of the addition of commercial ipil-ipil leaves to the diets of prawns, providing the mimosine content is kept low by soaking. A reduce in costs is also obtained, since 1kg of shrimp head meal or fish costs more than 2 or 4 tons, respectively, than that of ipil-ipil foliage.
Piedad-Pascual, F., & Tabbu, N. S. (1980). Ipil-ipil (Leucaena leucocephala) leaves as a plant protein source in prawn diets.
SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department Quarterly Research Report, 4(1), 1-4. http://hdl.handle.net/10862/2361