Developmental and ecological stages in the life history of milkfish Chanos chanos Forsskal
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Seven stages in the life history of the milkfish C. chanos , are recognized and suggested: A, embryonic; B, yolksac larval; C, larval; D, postlarval; E, juvenile; F, subadult; G. adult. An outline is presented of the life history. It is concluded that the milkfish, throughout the known stages of their life history are well adapted and equipped for optimal survival. High swimming performance, broad flexibility in feeding habits, high adaptability to a wide range of physicochemical conditions of the environment are but a few of the adaptations. The main driving force in all developmental stages is the evolutionary response to food distribution and availability followed by predation pressure.
Buri, P., Kumagai, S., Bañada, V., Triño, A., & Castillo, N. (1980). Developmental and ecological stages in the life history of milkfish Chanos chanos Forsskal.
SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department Quarterly Research Report, 4(1), 5-10. http://hdl.handle.net/10862/2362
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Chanos chanos belongs to a monotypic gonorynchiform family and is most closely related to the freshwater Ostariophysi. The earliest gonorynchiforms occurred in the Cretaceous of Brazil and west Africa. Chanos occurred in ...
Following brief descriptions of the various phases in the natural life history of the milkfish (Chanos chanos), namely adults, eggs and embryos, larvae, fry and metamorphosis, juveniles and sub-adults, a summary is provided ...
Garcia, LM (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, South Pacific Aquaculture Development Project, 1990)Milkfish (Chanos chanos Forskal) is one of the most important food fish species in the world. In Indonesia, Taiwan and the Philippines, more than a quarter of a million tonnes of milkfish are harvested annually in brackish ...