Acute toxicity of un ionized ammonia to milkfish (Chanos chanos) fingerlings
The acute toxicity of un-ionized ammonia to milkfish (Chanos chanos) fingerlings was determined using a static bioassay system. Median lethal concentrations found show that milkfish fingerlings have a high tolerance to ammonia and it is unlikely that levels as high as those employed for the acute exposure would be found to occur under natural conditions. Although the threat of acute toxicological effects induced by ammonia are remote, such conditions might be encountered in stressed natural environments or in heavily loaded aquaculture systems.
Cruz, E. R. (1981). Acute toxicity of un ionized ammonia to milkfish (Chanos chanos) fingerlings.
SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department Quarterly Research Report, 5(4), 16-18. http://hdl.handle.net/10862/2398
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Smith, Ian R. (International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management; Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 1981)The fry and fingerling industry of the milkfish (Chanos chanos Forskal) in the Philippines is alleged to suffer from certain imperfections. Primary among these are an annual shortage of catch necessary to meet the stocking ...Series: ICLARM technical reports; 1 | SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department contribution; No. 93
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