Population structure of Scylla serrata from microsatellite and mtDNA markers
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Determination of the population structure and connectivity of natural populations of Scylla serrata are useful tools for decision making related to conservation and management efforts of this species. They provide important considerations as recovery and sustainability of the industry relies on the availability of hardy recruits that can replenish harvested resources from the system. In the case of marine domesticated species, admixture is expected due to commodity trade and exchanges.Current population structure of five wild populations of S. serrata from Pangasinan, Bataan, Cagayan, Quezon, and Panay was determined using five microsatellite markers, cross-amplified from Scylla paramamosain in a total of 259 samples. Mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences of 25 representative individuals from the same locations were used to provide a comparison with original evolutionary patterns. Quality check of microsatellite data revealed no null alleles in the data set, with all loci and populations exhibiting Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium. Pairwise FST analysis reveals FST values between 0.001-0.08432 with 9 out of the 16 possible comparisons considered significant. Phylogenetic analysis was performed on the 16S rDNA sequences, supported by bootstrap values. Both sets of data suggest 2 distinct groupings: the east coast populations of Cagayan and Quezon, the west coast populations of Pangasinan and Bataan, with admixture observed in the group from Panay. Additional data from 5 microsatellite markers specifically developed for S. serrata and the D-loop region will be added to the analysis.The results from both mitochondrial and microsatellite markers, revealing an East-West separation of S. serrata populations, suggest that current and evolutionary population patterns are matching. Aquaculture practices appear to have not yet significantly affected the population structure of this domesticated species, as initially speculated.
Vince Cruz, C. C. E., & Ablan-Lagman, M. C. (2017). Population structure of Scylla serrata from microsatellite and mtDNA markers. In E. T. Quinitio, F. D. Parado-Estepa, & R. M. Coloso (Eds.), Philippines : In the forefront of the mud crab industry development : proceedings of the 1st National Mud Crab Congress, 16-18 November 2015, Iloilo City, Philippines (p. 139). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center. http://hdl.handle.net/10862/3173
PublisherAquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
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Seasonal abundance, distribution and recruitment of mud crabs (Scylla spp.) in replanted mangroves ME Walton, L Le Vay, JH Lebata, J Binas & JH Primavera -
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2006 - ElsevierThe abundance and distribution of mud crabs were studied in a replanted mangrove forest in Buswang, Aklan, Philippines. Two fishing gears, lift nets and bamboo traps, were used to monitor relative abundance of Scylla spp. populations from March 2002 to December 2003 inside the mangrove forest. A third gear, a stakenet set across a creek, was used to monitor crabs migrating out of the mangroves during the ebb tide. Scylla olivacea formed 99.3% and 70.3% of the catch in the mangrove and the stakenet, respectively. The percentage of Scylla tranquebarica increased from <1% in the mangrove catches to 29% in the stakenet. Scylla serrata was present at very low levels in both catches. The lack of modal progression in the size–frequency plots and the year-round catch rate of gravid females suggested that recruitment was constant throughout the year. Even though relative abundance decreased over the study period indicating that the stock is being over-exploited, mud crab production is more than equivalent to that of most natural mangroves.
Collection of the mud crab Scylla serrata var paramamosain in Tinagong Dagat and Sapian Bay, northern Panay NB Solis - In T Bagarinao (Ed.), Research Output of the Fisheries Sector Program, 2007 - Bureau of Agricultural Research, Department of AgricultureMud crabs were collected by baited traps from the mangroves and estuaries of Tinagong Dagat Bay and Sapian Bay in Capiz, northern Panay monthly over 18 months. Scylla serrata var paramamosain made up 95.4% of the collection and Scylla oceanica, 4.6%. Mean catch rates of S. serrata from Tinagong Dagat was 0.4 crabs/trap in the mangroves and 0.5 crabs/trap in the estuary; in Sapian Bay, 0.9 crabs/trap in both habitats. In both bays, S. serrata occurred year round, but at greater abundance during the rainy season (June–September). Most crabs were 2–10 cm in carapace width, but some were up to 14 cm. Crabs were smaller in the mangroves (modal size 5 cm) than in the estuary (modal size 8 cm). The smallest crabs (2 cm) were collected in the mangroves in January and May, and the 3 cm crabs occurred most months except June, August, September, and November. The presence of smaller crabs in greater numbers in the mangroves indicates affinity for shallow, sediment-laden habitat with plenty of shelters in the form of mangrove roots and leaves. Very few crabs over 8 cm were captured in the mangroves. Crabs of 4–14 cm were captured in the estuaries, the 12–14 cm ones during July–October. The samples at each site formed several size groups every month, and ‗cohorts‘ could be discerned and followed over the next months. It was estimated that the 2–4 cm size group in January–May reached the size of 8–10 cm by October–November. Juvenile mud crabs apparently spent one year in the mangroves or estuaries. There were more males than females (1F:1.2M) in Tinagong Dagat, but the other way around (1M:1.3F) in Sapian Bay. Berried crabs of 14 cm were occasionally caught by filter net in Tinagong Dagat.
Conference paperMJH Lebata-Ramos, EF Doyola-Solis, RC Sibonga, JB Biñas, M Walton & L Le Vay - In ET Quinitio, FD Parado-Estepa & RM Coloso (Eds.), Philippines : In the forefront of the mud crab industry development : proceedings of the 1st National Mud Crab Congress, 16-18 November 2015, Iloilo City, Philippines, 2017 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterMangroves are known as important nurseries for different species of fish and shellfish. In the Philippines, mud crabs Scylla spp. are among the most valuable crustaceans harvested from the mangroves and are considered a delicacy. However, varying levels of overfishing have been reported in different parts of the country. The decrease in production may be due to increasing demand for the resource and the loss of mangrove habitat. This problem may be addressed through regulation of fishing effort, rehabilitation of habitats, mangrove-friendly aquaculture and enhancement of wild crab stocks. This study shows the effect of mangrove rehabilitation on mud crab population.From July 2010 to December 2011, a total of 2.166 tons of mud crabs (n=17,558) have been collected from a 66.5 ha abandoned pond that has been recolonized by mangroves. The catch was dominated by S. olivacea (79.96%), then S. tranquebarica (19.92%) and S. serrata (0.12%). Male to female ratio was at 1.09:1. Individual daily yield ranged from 0.06 to 8.4 kg while catch per unit effort in terms of quantity and biomass ranged 0.02-1.46 crab gear-1 day-1 and 1.1-213.54 g gear-1 day-1, respectively. The results showed that mud crab population in this study site was much higher than the population in the reforested (Walton et al., 2006, 2007) and natural mangroves (Lebata et al., 2007) with almost the same area. For 18 months of sampling (April 2002-September 2003), only 3,924 crabs were sampled in the natural mangroves while 10,504 in the reforested mangroves. Mud crab production in the present study site resulted in a yield of 21 kg ha-1 yr-1, 5 and 3 times higher than the yield reported in the natural and reforested mangrove areas, respectively. These results imply that habitat restoration can be very effective in restoring natural populations of mud crab.