Status of mud crab industry in India
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Mud crab is an economically important portunid crab species found in estuaries, coastal lagoons and nearshore waters of India. The genetics team of RGCA recently made an attempt to decipher the taxonomic ambiguity of mud crab species commonly available in Indian coastal waters using multiple molecular genetic markers and concluded that only two species of mud crabs, Scylla serrata and S. olivacea are commonly available in India.India has about 8,103 km of coastline with shallow coastal waters, brackishwater lakes, estuaries and intertidal swampy areas along the east and west coasts. It has been estimated that the potential resources of crabs particularly from the 7,770 km2 of estuaries and backwaters is 13,209 tonnes out of the total potential resources of 43,816 tonnes from Indian coastal waters. The southern part of the coast is potentially richer than the northern part. Estimated brackish water area in India is about 1,190,900 ha, out of which 167,193 ha developed for shrimp farming may become suitable for crab farming as evidently seen in Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu. Estimated mud crab culture area in Andhra Pradesh is more than 2,833 ha covering nearly 50 villages. Live mud crab export from India was higher in 2011-2012 (3,054 mt) compared to 2010-2011 (2,963 mt). Frozen and other forms of crab export declined in 2011-2012 (2,848 mt) compared to 2010- 2011 (3,251 mt). Apart from shrimp culture, mud crab farming, fattening and soft-shell crab production are now emerging as feasible business ventures in India. About 11 types of crab products are being exported from India with an average unit value realization of US$ 3.73 kg−1, highlighting its importance in the foreign exchange earnings.There has been a noticeable decline in the mud crab populations in the natural habitat throughout Indian coastal waters due to over exploitation and indiscriminate fishing of juvenile crabs by artisanal fishermen. Wild seeds are collected throughout the year in backwater zones of Sundarbans, Kakdwip and Namkhana of West Bengal; Chilika Lake of Odisha; coastal waters of Kakinada, Visakhapatnam and Rajahmundry of Andhra Pradesh; Pulicat Lake, Killai backwaters, Muthupet saline swamps, Punnakayal estuarine complex and Colachel coastal waters of Tamil Nadu; Neendakara, Cochin and Kozhikode backwaters of Kerala to meet the demand of culture operations. There is an urgent need to produce good quality hatchery seed to meet the demand of farmers. To address this, the Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture (RGCA) established a state-ofthe- art mud crab hatchery for commercial scale production of seedstock to promote the adoption of the technology by the private entrepreneurs in the country.
Thampi Sam Raj, Y. C., Mandal, A., Kumaran, G., Sethuramalingam, A., Srinivasan, P., & Kumar, J. (2015). Status of mud crab industry in India. In E. T. Quinitio, F. D. Parado-Estepa, Y. C. Thampi Sam Raj, & A. Mandal (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Seminar-Workshop on Mud Crab Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, 10-12 April 2013, Tamil Nadu, India (pp. 17-26). Tamil Nadu, India: Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture (MPEDA).
PublisherRajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture (MPEDA)
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Book | Conference publication
Philippines: In the forefront of the mud crab industry: Proceedings of the 1st National Mud Crab Congress ET Quinitio, FD Parado-Estepa & RM Coloso (Eds.) - In ET Quinitio, FD Parado-Estepa & RM Coloso (Eds.), Philippines : In the forefront of the mud crab industry development : proceedings of the 1st National Mud Crab Congress, 16-18 November 2015, Iloilo City, Philippines, 2017 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
BookEJ Tobias-Quinitio, GXS Libunao, FD Parado-Estepa & AT Calpe - 2015 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD)
Series: Aquaculture extension manual; No. 61"The production of soft-shell crabs is well established in other Asian countries but its sustainability is already being threatened due to the decreasing mud crab population in the wild where the seedstocks are sourced. In the Philippines, production of soft-shell crabs has only been practiced recently due to lack of seedstock and technology. Sourcing of crablets from the natural environment is not encouraged due to dwindling populations of all sizes of mud crabs. Instead, it is recommended that crablets for soft-shell crab production come from hatcheries. The project on soft-shell mud crab production at SEAFDEC/AQD started in 2012 and was later funded by the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development of the Department of Science and Technology. The project is adopting the individual crab culture sytem of Thailand and Myanmar in pilot-scale and uses hatchery-reared crablets grown to 60-100 g in earthen ponds and stocked in trays. The pilotscale soft-shell production set-up is showcased at the Dumangas Brackishwater Station of SEAFDEC/AQD using crab boxes available in the country. Various sectors are interested to learn how soft-shell crabs are produced. Hence, the previous manual on Soft-shell Mud Crab Farming by Emilia T. Quinitio and May Myat Noe Lwin published in 2009 was revised to include the recent refinements using hatchery-reared crabs and locally available materials. This manual includes sections on the biology of mud crab, how to set-up the facility, management of soft-shell crab production and the cost and return analysis. We hope that various sectors will benefit from this revised manual" -- Foreword
Monosex culture of the mud crab Scylla serrata at three stocking densities with Gracilaria as crab shelter AT Triño, OM Millamena & CP Keenan - In CP Keenan & A Blackshaw (Eds.), Mud Crab Aquaculture and Biology. Proceedings of an International Scientific Forum, 21-24 April 1997, Darwin, Australia, 1999 - Australian Centre for International Agricultural ResearchThe effects of three levels of stocking density (0.5, 1.5 or 3.0/m2) and monosex culture (male or female) on the growth, survival and production of Scylla serrata were investigated. Juvenile crabs were stocked in 150 m2 enclosures in earthen ponds with Gracilaria as shelter and fed a mixed diet of 75% fresh brown mussel flesh and 25% fish bycatch. There was no interaction between stocking density levels and monosex culture (P<0.05) so the data were pooled for each sex or stocking density treatment. Results showed that highest survival was obtained from a stocking density of 0.5/m2 (P<0.05). Crab growth at different stocking densities was not significantly different (P>0.05). Highest return on investment (ROI) and lowest production costs were attained from 0.5/m2. Partial budgeting analysis showed that no net benefit accrued from stocking beyond 1.5/m2. Male crabs attained significantly better (P<0.05) final weight and specific growth rate than female crabs. Length, width, survival and production between male and female crabs were not significantly different (P>0.05). Male and female monoculture gave high net revenue and ROI of more than 100 but male monoculture is more profitable. Overall the results suggest that the culture of male or female mud crabs at 0.5–1.5/m2 with Gracilaria is economically viable.