Reviews and recommendations on current and future research activities for the biological investigations on milkfish
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Presented in this paper are the recommendations on current and future research activities for the biological investigations on milkfish (Chanos chanos). Included were the bahavior and bio-ecology of milkfish in the wild. It also tackled the protocols in transporting broodstocks.
Kuronuma, K. (1976). Reviews and recommendations on current and future research activities for the biological investigations on milkfish. In Proceedings of the International Milkfish Workshop Conference, May 19-22, 1976, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines (pp. 58-70). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
PublisherAquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
Milkfish culture; Research programmes; Behaviour; Fishery biology; Ecology; Taxonomy; Geographical distribution; Migrations; Environmental effects; Environmental factors; Biological age; Growth; Growth rate; Feeding; Feeding behaviour; Sexual maturity; Reproduction; Gonads; Spawning; Reproductive behaviour; Fish eggs; Fish larvae; Larval development; Incubation; Pathology; Fish physiology; Synonymy; Vernacular names; Chanos chanos
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Book | Conference publicationSoutheast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Aquaculture Department, & International Development Research Centre - 1976 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
Conference paperT Senta, S Kumagai & L Ver - In Proceedings of the International Milkfish Workshop Conference, May 19-22, 1976, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 1976 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterLocation of spawning grounds of milkfish is one of the most important steps towards gaining knowledge on the spawning habits of the fish as well as the early life history and nature of its eggs and larvae. The present study is an attempt towards this objective. Surveys were made in selected areas in the sea around the Panay Island and milkfish eggs were collected on several occasions from surface to 20 m depth water by towing with larval nets. The eggs floated in the water in a glass jar. The eggs and newly hatched larvae had the same characteristics as described by Delsman (1929). A comparative study has been made to distinguish milkfish eggs from other more or less similar size pelagic eggs of fishes occurring in the same waters at the same time.
Growth response of Nile tilapia fry to salinity stress in the presence of an ‘internal reference’ fish Growth of three strains of Oreochromis niloticus L. fry exposed to salinity stress in the presence of an internal reference fish were compared. The Central Luzon State University (CLSU) strain was obtained from the Freshwater Aquaculture Center, CLSU, Philippines. The ISRAEL strain was acquired from the Philippine government's Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources National Freshwater Fisheries Technology Center (BFAR-NFFTC), Munoz, Nueva Ecija. The National Inland Fisheries Institute (NIFI) strain was obtained from the NIFI, Bangkok, Thailand. Eight to nine full-sib families (replicates) per strain were split into two groups. One group was grown in freshwater for 2 weeks, acclimated to 32 ppt and reared for 2 weeks and finally grown in freshwater for another 2 weeks. Another group was contemporaneously grown in freshwater polyethylene tanks for 6 weeks. Each replicate family included a size-matched internal reference population of red tilapia strain. Two-way analysis of variance (anova) revealed no significant strain differences (P=0.081; r2=0.106). However, analysis of covariance with the internal reference strain used as a covariate showed significant (P=0.049; r2=0.638) strain effects on specific growth (based on standard length measurements). The ISRAEL strain showed consistently better growth rate in both saline and freshwater environments than the NIFI and CLSU strains. We estimated the statistical power of the two-way anova (ϕ=√(k′−1)(factor MS−s2)/(k′s>2); Zar 1984) to be ∼0.30. There was a 70% probability of a Type II error and no true difference in the growth of the three strains was detected. The use of internal reference strain as a covariate improved the r2 from 0.106 to 0.638 and increased the efficiency of the test in detecting a true difference. Other strain comparison studies in our laboratory at the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center Aquaculture Department showed that the ISRAEL strain shows better growth than the NIFI and CLSU strains in a crowding stress tolerance experiment, when fed only with rice bran and under restrictive feeding regimes.