Point-of-no-return and delayed feeding mortalities in first-feeding larvae of the silver therapon Leiopotherapon plumbeus (Kner) (Teleostei: Terapontidae)
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This study examined the incidence of mortalities among first-feeding post-yolk sac silver therapon Leiopotherapon plumbeus (Kner) larvae deprived of live food in the hatchery. Starting after their yolk was consumed at 40 h post-hatch (hph) and every 2 h thereafter until 54 hph, larvae were fed and exposed to live food for an hour only and their performance was observed after initial feeding at 25 °C. Feeding incidence progressively increased until 48 hph as larval mouth gape increased during exogenous feeding, but oil globule volume progressively declined until full exhaustion at 52 hph. All starved larvae fed at 48 hph but feeding incidence progressively declined until larvae ceased to feed at 54 hph to coincide with a significant reduction in survivorship, indicating that larvae have reached their point-of-no-return (PNR) at 50 hph despite the availability of food. Delayed initial feeding of un-fed post-yolk sac larvae starting at 46 hph until 54 hph resulted in significantly higher feeding incidence among 46−48 hph larvae than those fed after 50 hph, which did not survive longer than 10 h after initial feeding. These results demonstrate that silver therapon larvae have a very brief transitional or mixed-feeding period of 12 h after yolk exhaustion so that initial feeding beyond 50 hph when larvae have reached their PNR results in early onset of death.
CitationGarcia, L. M. B., Sayco, M. J. P., & Aya, F. A. (2020). Point-of-no-return and delayed feeding mortalities in first-feeding larvae of the silver therapon Leiopotherapon plumbeus (Kner) (Teleostei: Terapontidae).
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Book chapterNV Golez - In OM Millamena, RM Coloso & FP Pascual (Eds.), Nutrition in Tropical Aquaculture: Essentials of fish nutrition, feeds, and feeding of tropical aquatic species, 2002 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterThis chapter will help the reader understand and appreciate the basic principles of processing, preparation, storage, and quality control in the preparation of aquafeeds. The material in this section is presented in sequence beginning with the processing of basic ingredients to remove antinutritional factors, followed by steps in feed preparation, from the easiest to the more complex processes, and storage. This chapter presents methods and equipment that are useful not only for feed millers, but also for extension workers and fish farmers.
Book chapterVR Alava - In OM Millamena, RM Coloso & FP Pascual (Eds.), Nutrition in Tropical Aquaculture: Essentials of fish nutrition, feeds, and feeding of tropical aquatic species, 2002 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterThis chapter teaches the reader to: differentiate the different feeding strategies in pond culture; learn feeding management methods such as stock sampling and record keeping, calculating daily feed ration, choosing appropriate feed size, and methods of applying feeds; understand the impact of feeding management on water quality and environment and on the cultured animal’s growth, survival, and feed conversion ratio; and describe the different feeding schemes used to culture fishes (milkfish, tilapia, rabbitfish, bighead carp, native catfish, sea bass, orange-spotted grouper, and mangrove red snapper; and crustaceans (tiger shrimp and mud crab). Other species for aquaculture stock enhancement (donkey’s ear abalone, seahorses, window-pane oyster) are also discussed.
Book | Conference publication
Development and use of alternative ingredients or fish meal substitutes in aquaculture feed formulation: Proceedings of the ASEAN Regional Technical Consultation on Development and Use of Alternative Dietary Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation MR Catacutan, RM Coloso & BO Acosta (Eds.) - 2015 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterRecognizing the need for a concerted effort to follow-up on this priority issue of the ASEAN on aquaculture feed development and utilization. SEAFDEC (Aquaculture Department and Secretariat) and the Government of Myanmar organized the 'Regional Technical Consultation (RTC) on development and Use of Alternative Dietary Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation'. The meeting was convened with the main purpose of providing a forum for charting the regional priorities and future directions on feed development, particularly on the use of alternative feed ingredients or protein substitutes. The specific objectives were to: (i) review the ASEAN-SEAFDEC member country status, constraints associated with developing alternative dietary ingredients for aquaculture feed; (ii) identify specific advances being made in the region with respect to the development of alternative aquaculture feed ingredients; and (iii) define approaches or initiatives supporting catch reduction of low-value/trash fish; (iv) formulate relevant policy recommendations (regional and country-specific) for effective development and utilization of aquaculture feeds; and (v) enhance cooperation among member countries and relevant stakeholders on initiatives that support sustainable aquaculture practices, particularly on feeds. This publication presents the outputs of the RTC. The country reports and review papers presented during the conference which are contained in this volume are cited individually.