Grouper research at the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center Aquaculture Department
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This paper provides information on grouper research activities that have been carried out in SEAFDEC AQD. It covers various aspects such as broodstock management, seed production, nursery and grow-out culture techniques.
Marte, C. L. (2002). Grouper research at the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center Aquaculture Department. In Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation & Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (Eds.), Report of the APEC/NACA Cooperative Grouper Aquaculture Workshop, Hat Yai, Thailand 7-9 April 1999 (pp. 143-151). Bangkok, Thailand: Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific.
PublisherNetwork of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific
- Conference Proceedings 
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Conference paperMN Duray - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterThe feeding habits of hatchery-reared Epinephelus suillus larvae were determined by examining their gut contents. The larvae (2.6 mm TL) were initially fed rotifers on day 2 and newly-hatched Artemia nauplii on day 21 (9.1 mm TL). The amount of rotifers initially ingested averaged 1.3 individuals/larva. The ingestion rate increased as larvae grew. Larvae immediately showed strong preference for Artemia to rotifers on the first day of introduction. E. suillus larvae showed diurnal feeding pattern at day 7 (3.6 mm TL), day 14 (4.9 mm TL), day 21 (9.1 mm TL) and day 28 (11.1 mm TL). Feeding incidence decreased in the evening and was nil at 2100-2200 h. Active feeding started earlier in older larvae and satiation was between 0900-1000 h. The results of this study will be used as a basis in developing a good feeding scheme for E. suillus larvae.
Daily rates of ingestion on rotifers and Artemia nauplii by laboratory-reared grouper larvae of Epinephelus suillus MN Duray -
The Philippine Scientist, 1994 - San Carlos Publications, University of San CarlosThe amount of rotifers and Artemia nauplii consumed daily by the grouper Epinephelus suillus larvae was determined through examination of gut contents. The larvae (2.6 mm TL) were initially fed rotifers on day 2 and newly hatched Artemia nauplii on day 21 (9.1 mm TL). The amount of food consumed by the larvae increased with larval growth. Larvae also showed diurnal feeding pattern at day 7 (3.6 mm TL), day 14 (4.9 mm TL), day 21 (9.1 mm TL) and day 28 (11.1 mm TL). Feeding incidence increased in the evening and became zero at 2100-2200 h. Active feeding started earlier in the older larvae and satiation was between 0900-1100 hr.
Conference paperGF Quinitio, RM Coloso, A Duller & D Reyes - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterThe effect of different fat sources on the egg quality of grouper, Epinephelus suillus eggs was evaluated. Fish in three tanks, each containing 3 females and 1 male, were fed various types of feeds namely: trash fish (control), trash fish + cod liver oil (treatment 1) and trash fish + SELCO, a lipid emulsion containing high levels of highly unsaturated fatty acid (HUFA) (treatment 2). Approximately 77.9 million eggs spawned from January to October 1992 by the control group, 40.0 million by fish in treatment 1, and 36.4 million by the treatment 2 group. Egg production (0.45 million eggs/kg BW) among the control group was significantly higher than treatment 2. Egg production of treatment 1 (0.06-0.36 million eggs/kg BW) was not significantly different (P<0.01) from the control group nor treatment 2 (0.02-0.30 million eggs/kg BW). Fertilization and hatching rates showed significant differences among the three groups with control > treatment 1 > treatment 2. There were no differences detected in the egg and oil globule diameters among the treatments. Crude protein and lipid levels of floating (good) and sinking (bad) eggs collected in February to March 1992, and August to September 1992 were similar in all treatments. Unfed larvae from treatment 1 survived until the fifth day after hatching while those in the control and treatment 2 groups lasted only until the third day. These results suggest that supplementation of cod liver oil and SELCO in the trash fish diet of E. suillus broodstock does not influence egg production, fertilization and hatching rates, and egg quality.