Development of environment-friendly aquaculture technologies and practices
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The significant role of aquaculture in providing food security has been recognized, not only through its contribution to food supply, but also through the promotion of economic and social well-being. Aquaculture is also considered as a relatively recent and underdeveloped sector as compared to agriculture and animal husbandry, and there is a huge, unfulfilled potential in many countries, particularly in the region. The recently concluded ASEAN-SEAFDEC Conference “Fish for the People” highlighted the importance of sustainable fisheries for regional food security, and the need for comprehensive and cooperative efforts, resolutions and plan of actions among all stakeholders. With the projected shortfall in the supply of fish and fishery products to meet the demands of an ever-increasing population, aquaculture is looked upon as a sustainable source of renewable food resources. One of the main programs of the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department (AQD) is geared towards the development of sustainable aquaculture that is technically feasible, economically viable, environment-friendly, and socially equitable. An important subprogram is the development of environment-friendly aquaculture technologies and practices. The objectives of the subprogram are: 1) to develop and promote efficient aquaculture systems and designs for maximum sustainable productivity; 2) to devise and determine appropriate design, equipment, and operation and management practices that optimize utilization of resources and inputs, minimize adverse impacts on the environment, and sustain biological/ecological diversity; 3) to demonstrate, verify, adopt, refine, and promote proven aquaculture technologies and practices; and 4) to advance the social, economic, cultural, and policy importance of the aquaculture sector at the local, national, and regional level. At present, the main research areas are in nutrient dynamics of aquaculture systems, feed and waste management, development of culture systems, including bioremediation strategies, conservation and sustainable utilization of resources for aquaculture, and socio-economic and policy issues in aquaculture. In addition, verification and refinement of developed aquaculture technologies, in support of re search and training activities, are conducted to explore the potential of aquaculture technologies for commercial adoption and demonstrate appropriate technologies and responsible aquaculture practices. The paper presents an overview of current research activities by the author, and with involvement of other researchers at SEAFDEC AQD, including future plans under this and related programs.
de los Reyes Jr., A. A. (2002). Development of environment-friendly aquaculture technologies and practices. In M. Maeda, Y. Maeno, & M. Yokoyama (Eds.), Studies on Sustainable Production Systems of Aquatic Animals in Brackish Mangrove Areas (pp. 67-76). Japan: Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences.
PublisherJapan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
Finfishes; Milkfish culture; Grouper culture; Shrimp culture; Seaweed culture; Recirculating systems; Mangrove; Aquaculture effluents; Wastewater treatment; Aquacultural engineering; Aquaculture techniques; Sustainable aquaculture; Philippines; Milkfish; Groupers; Orange-spotted grouper; Seaweeds; Chanos chanos; Epinephelus coioides; Gracilariopsis bailinae
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BookDD Baliao, MA de los Santos, EM Rodriguez & RB Ticar - 1998 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
Series: Aquaculture extension manual; No. 24Groupers (Epinephelus) are cultured in the Philippines using tiny fry and juveniles caught from the wild. A SEAFDEC/AQD technology verification study on grouper pond grow-out culture resulted in high productivity and profitability, indicating that grouper culture could become another income source for the country. This aquaculture extension manual is intended as a guide for fishfarmers and aquaculturists, extensionists, and students of aquaculture. It covers the following areas: What are groupers?; Commercially important groupers; Source of fry or fingerlings; Common collection gears for fry/juveniles; Brackishwater pond culture -- pond specifications, site selection, pond preparation, nursery operation, grow-out culture, harvest, post-harvest; Growth, survival and feed efficiency performance of grouper reared in brackishwater pond; Economics; Marketing and transport; and, Diseases.
BookDD Baliao, MA delos Santos, NM Franco & NRS Jamon - 2000 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
Series: Aquaculture extension manual; No. 29The manual describes the culture of groupers (Epinephelus) in floating cages, providing a farming option for grouper growers and also a production alternative to the farmed species being done today, such as shrimp, milkfish and tilapia. The following aspects are covered: species identification for commercially cultured groupers; source of stock; net cage specifications; anchor; hides and shelters; nursery net cage operation; production cages; harvesting; post-harvest; profitability analysis of grouper cage culture; and, cost and return of growing grouper in cages.
ArticleThe performance of wild Epinephelus coioides juveniles was compared by feeding with live tilapia juveniles, fish by-catch, and formulated diet for 5 months in grow-out ponds. To minimize cannibalism, the groupers were graded into small (BW=24.9±7.3 g), medium (45.8±5.7 g), and large (84.1±30.0 g) size groups as block in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and reared in nine 350-m2 ponds. To supply the tilapia juveniles, adult tilapia were grown 2 months prior to stocking of grouper at a rate of 15 tilapia/grouper. Grouper fed by-catch were significantly higher (P<0.01) than the other treatments in terms of final length and total production. The quality of by-catch could be gleaned by its efficient feed conversion ratio (FCR) of 1.0 (dry basis), significantly better (P<0.01) than the formulated diet that had an FCR of 2.8. Using by-catch, 47% of the harvest weighed >400 g and only 14% was classified <200 g. The cost of juvenile grouper and feeds represented 88–89% of the total investment in all treatments. Economic sensitivity analysis showed that a combination of improvement in factors such as price of grouper juveniles, feeds, yield, survival, and FCR would result in higher return-on-investment (ROI). When cost and returns were considered, feeding juveniles with by-catch was more profitable because it resulted in net income of Php 361,623/ha/year, an ROI of 155%, and a payback period of 0.4 year. The results clearly show that these economic indicators appear to be attractive, thus making grouper pond culture using by-catch a viable industry. More research efforts should, however, be directed towards developing a cost-effective formulated diet for the grow-out culture of E. coioides.