Development of artificial diets for milkfish (Chanos chanos) larvae
This study aims to develop nutritionally balanced and cost-effective artificial diets for milkfish larvae. Two larval diets (Feed A and Feed B) were formulated and prepared to contain 45% protein and 10% lipid. Several larval diet preparation techniques were tried and diets produced were assessed in terms of feed particle size and bouyancy, water stability, and feed acceptability. The larval diet preparation that gave the best particle size and bouyancy as well as good water stability was the one prepared as microbound diet (using K-carrageenan as a binder) and flaked using a drum drier.A series of feeding experiments were then conducted to determine growth and survival of milkfish larvae reared on various feeding schemes involving the use of these artificial diets. The artificial diets were fed either alone or in combination with live foods. Larvae in control treatments were reared on live foods such as Brachionus and Artemia. Larvae were observed to ingest the diets indicating that the feeds had suitable physical characteristics and were attractive to the larvae. Over-all results of the feeding trials showed that the artificial diets could be fed to milkfish larvae in combination with the rotifer Brachionus starting Day 8 or could be fed alone to milkfish larvae starting Day 15 onward. These promising results would reduce dependence of milkfish larvae on live foods and would have significant economic benefits in the form of simplified milkfish hatchery procedures.
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Emata, Arnil C. (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 1995)Most of the fish research at SEAFDEC AQD in 1992-1994 was on milkfish. Studies were conducted on year-round spawning through hormonal or environmental manipulation; optimum lipid and protein levels and ration size for ...
Digestibility and effective level of meat and bone meal in formulated diet for milkfish, Chanos chanos Forsskal, grown in fresh and seawater Catacutan, Mae R.; Pagador, Gregoria; Maceren-Pates, Mercedes D. (Masyarakat Akuakultur Indonesia (MAI), 2015)The efficient level of MBM for good growth and survival of milkfish, Chanos chanos Forsskal, without histological changes in tissues (liver, intestine, muscle, kidney and brain) was determined in both freshwater (FW) and ...
Notes on the pigmentation pattern in the larval developmental stages of laboratory-reared milkfish Buri, P. (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 1978)Milkfish fry were artificially bred and reared in the laboratory and the pigmentation pattern of the different developmental stages of the larvae are described in detail, with illustrations.