Environmental and other non-infectious diseases
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The chapter presents some of the environmental non-infectious diseases of aquatic animals. Non-infectious diseases are caused by adverse environmental conditions, nutritional disorders, or genetic defects. While they can result a sudden mass mortality or death, they are not contagious. Environmental diseases are the most important in aquaculture. This includes low dissolved oxygen, high ammonia, high nitrite, or natural or man-made toxins in the aquatic environment.
Erazo-Pagador, G. E. (2001). In G. D. Lio-Po, C. R. Lavilla, & E. R. Cruz-Lacierda (Eds.), Health management in aquaculture (pp. 75-81). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.