Water hardness determination using local laundry bar soaps for carp hatcheries.
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A simple method using local laundry soap is described for carp hatchery operation. A saturated soap solution was prepared and uses to titrate a 100-ml water sample of known hardness until a permanent lather appeared on the surface of the sample. The volume of soap solution was recorded to correspond to the hardness level tested. A fish farmer’s guide on the approximate levels of water hardness using WHEEL or PERLA soap solution is provided.
CitationFerriols-Pavico, J. Ma., Aralar, E. V., & Gonzal, A. C. (1988). Water hardness determination using local laundry bar soaps for carp hatcheries.
PublisherFisheries Research Society of the Philippines
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The effects of water hardness on the hatching and viability of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) eggs An investigation was conducted to establish water hardness concentration for optimum hatching of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) eggs. Eggs were incubated for 19 h at 26.5°C at six levels of water hardness: 100, 200, 300, 400, 500 and 600 mg/l CaCO3. Water absorption at 100–200 mg/l CaCO3 caused eggs to burst prematurely and minimal water absorption occurred at 600 mg/l CaCO3. Chloride concentration at 0 and 6 h post-fertilization was significantly related to egg hatchability. Total ammonia-nitrogen at 6 h, pH at 6 h, magnesium hardness at 18 h and chlorides at 18 h significantly influence viability of larvae. A water hardness of 300–500 mg/l CaCO3 is recommended for the successful hatching of silver carp eggs.
Conference paperMH Carlos & CB Santiago - In JV Juario & LV Benitez (Eds.), Seminar on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, 8-12 September 1987, Iloilo City, Philippines, 1988 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture DepartmentMost researches conducted at the Binangonan Freshwater Station of the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department were directed toward enhancing growth and survival of the young tilapia and carp in the nursery as well as increasing yields in grow-out cages, pens, and ponds. Studies included the culture and evaluation of phytoplankton and zooplankton as feeds of the tilapia and carp fry to fingerlings; determination of protein and amino acid requirements of young Nile tilapia; development of practical dry diets; evaluation of feeding regimes, feeding rates, and feeding frequencies ; and the use of fertilizers in nursery ponds. For the grow-out aspect, one of the earliest studies demonstrated the profitability of the monoculture of tilapia in cages which triggered the initial proliferation of tilapia cage culture by the private sector in areas near the Station. Subsequently, supplemental feeds were developed and evaluated; non-conventional feedstuffs were tested as feeds or feed components; and the growth rates of Nile tilapia fingerlings in cages at varying stocking densities were evaluated at three distinct rearing periods covering one year. Prior to the successful mass production of bighead carp fingerlings at the Station, studies on polyculture of tilapia, milk fish, and different species of carp were conducted in cages and pens with remarkable results. This led to the technology-verification projects on polyculture at various areas in Laguna Lake. With the availability of freshwater fishponds for research purposes, studies on polyculture in ponds were also conducted.
ArticleMY Tabbu, MM Lijauco, RV Eguia & CC Espegadera -
Fisheries Research Journal of the Philippines, 1986 - Fisheries Research Society of the PhilippinesIncreasing fish production through polyculture was clearly demonstrated to the fishfarmers in Laguna lake. The rearing of different species of fish of proper number and species combinations had resulted to the efficient utilization of all the available food niches/zones in the lake. Fish production is site specific in Laguna lake. Wide variation in growth increment and fish yield were observed among the different bays and among farm sited within a bay. The final mean weights of the fish species were 355 mg to 2300 g for bighead carp, 32 g to 103.3 g for tilapia and 8.3 g to 1800 g for common carp.