Artificial propagation of milkfish: Present status and problems
Milkfish (Chanos chanos ) has been extensively cultured in Indonesia, Taiwan, and the Philippines. At present, the only source of fry for fish farmers is the coastal waters during the spawning season. The supply of fry is therefore often irregular and inadequate. Since the early 1970s attempts have been made to breed milkfish in captivity, particularly in Hawaii, Taiwan, and the Philippines. This paper reviews the progress problems and suggested future research direction of the following areas: induction of ovulation/spawning, sperm preservation, larval rearing, and induction of gonadal maturation.
Lam, T. J. (1984). Artificial propagation of milkfish: Present status and problems. In J. V. Juario, R. P. Ferraris, & L. V. Benitez (Eds.), Advances in milkfish biology and culture: Proceedings of the Second International Milkfish Aquaculture Conference, 4-8 October 1983, Iloilo City, Philippines. (pp. 21-39). Metro Manila, Philippines: Published by Island Pub. House in association with the Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center and the International Development Research Centre.
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Kumagai, Shigeru; Castillo, Nelson (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 1978)Fry shrank immediately after they were preserved in formalin, but from the second week onwards shrinkage was almost nil. Fry in freshwater formalin solutions shrunk less than those in seawater formalin solutions. It is ...
Kumagai, Shigeru; Bañada, Vicente C.; Castillo, Nelson M.; Unggui, Abdul S. (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 1978)The results are presented of a study of milkfish fry occurrence in the Philippines, namely at Magaba and at Tubog. There were 2 peaks of fry occurrence in the latter, one in May and another in October, whereas only one ...
Smith, Ian R. (International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management; Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 1981)The fry and fingerling industry of the milkfish (Chanos chanos Forskal) in the Philippines is alleged to suffer from certain imperfections. Primary among these are an annual shortage of catch necessary to meet the stocking ...Series: ICLARM technical reports; 1 | SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department contribution; No. 93