Growth and photosynthesis inhibition by agricultural pesticides in three freshwater microalgae.
MetadataShow full item record
Cited times in Scopus
Growth rate and photosynthesis of Microcystis aeruginosa, Scenedesmus quadricauda and Aulacoseira granulata exposed to different concentrations of the agricultural pesticides CNP (p-nitrophenyl 2,4,6-trichlorophenyl ether), MEP [O,O-dimethyl O-(3-methyl-4-nitrophenyl) thiophosphate], ISP [isoprothiolane (C12H18O4S2)], and TBT (tri-n-butyltin chloride) were determined. The effective concentration (EC50) for growth and photosynthesis in each species of microalga was then calculated. Inhibition of growth and photosynthesis in the three microalgae was greatest when exposed to CNP and TBT. Microcystis aeruginosa and A. granulata showed a higher tolerance, whereas S. quadricauda showed a higher sensitivity. Except for MEP, the EC50 values for growth obtained in the three microalgae were higher than those for photosynthesis. The growth–photosynthesis response relationship showed that, for CNP and TBT, growth of the three organisms tested were less inhibited than their photosynthesis at a lower exposure (0.001–0.05 μg/L). At a higher exposure (0.10–1.0 μg/L), the response between relative growth rates and relative photosynthesis was proportional. For MEP and ISP, a proportional response existed between relative growth rates and relative photosynthesis in all test organisms. These results suggest that the inhibition of growth and photosynthesis by agricultural pesticides differs for the three microalgae. The differences can be explained in terms of the physico-chemical properties of the four pesticides and the physiological and morphological properties of the three microalgae.
CitationGuanzon Jr., N. G., & Nakahara, H. (2002). Growth and photosynthesis inhibition by agricultural pesticides in three freshwater microalgae.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Conference paperIC Liao, JJ Guo & MS Su - In JR Arthur, CR Lavilla-Pitogo & RP Subasinghe (Eds.), Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia : Proceedings of the Meeting on the Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia 20-22 May 1996, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 2000 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture DepartmentAquaculture in Taiwan has a history of more than three centuries. To satisfy consumer preferences, a wide variety of aquatic species, 71 in 1993, are being cultured in Taiwan. It is difficult to control diseases when many species are cultured and stocking densities are high. At present, it is important to manage the use and application of chemotherapeutants effectively. Many aquatic animal diseases fall under the category of potentially curable illnesses. These include diseases of bacterial, protozoan, fungal, and environmental etiologies. This paper summarizes the chemicals used in aquaculture, farm management practices, alternative disease prevention methods, national regulations, and the current research on chemical use for aquaculture in Taiwan.
Book | Conference publication
Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia : Proceedings of the Meeting on the Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia. JR Arthur, CR Lavilla-Pitogo & RP Subasinghe (Eds.) - 2000 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture DepartmentThe use of chemicals is common in various aquaculture systems, as it is in many agricultural practices. However, with growing worldwide awareness of the need for responsible practices in aquaculture, governments and aquaculturists are increasingly concerned with the effects of the use of chemicals in aquaculture, especially those which appear likely to be hazardous to man, cultured stock and/or the environment. The need to synthesize and disseminate information on the use and management of double prime aquachemicals double prime was recognized by the Fishery Resources Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC) Aquaculture Department, who convened double prime The Expert Meeting on the Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia, double prime which was held 20-22 May 1996 at the SEAFDEC facilities in Tigbauan, Iloilo, the Philippines. Support was provided by FAO, SEAFDEC and the Canadian International Development Agency s (CIDA) ASEAN Fund. The World Health Organization (WHO) supported the participation of a human health expert. The meeting was attended by 27 participants and more than 70 observers from the public and private sectors of 20 countries. Among the attendees were representatives from the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA), the Fish Health Section of the Asian Fisheries Society (FHS/AFS), the Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS), the GESAMP Working Group on Environmental Impacts of Coastal Aquaculture, and the ICES Working Group on Environmental Interactions of Mariculture. The results of this expert workshop are presented in this volume. They include the texts of presentations on a wide range of topics (thematic reviews) related to the use of chemicals in aquaculture, with emphasis on the Asian Region, as well as country overview papers summarizing the use of aquachemicals in Asian countries. The contributions of the selected participants during the meeting are contained in this volume.
Conference paperDP Weston - In JR Arthur, CR Lavilla-Pitogo & RP Subasinghe (Eds.), Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia : Proceedings of the Meeting on the Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia 20-22 May 1996, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 2000 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture DepartmentMany aquaculture chemicals are, by their very nature, biocidal, and may be released to the surrounding environment at toxic concentrations either through misuse, or in some cases, even by following generally accepted procedures for use. Thus, there is a potential for mortality of nontarget organisms. Illustrations are provided of three classes of aquaculture chemicals and their effects on non-target biota: 1) use of a carbaryl pesticide and mortality of non-target invertebrates; 2) use of an organophosphate parasiticide and suspected effects on nearby biota; and 3) effects of antibacterial residues in aquatic sediments on the associated microbial community. Efforts to assess the risks posed by aquaculture chemicals are often frustrated by a lack of information on environmental fate and effects, and data needs to resolve this situation are identified.