Towards sustainable development of small-scale fisheries in the Philippines: Experience and lessons learned from eight regional sites
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MetadataShow full item record
SeriesLessons Learned Brief; 2012-10
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Managing excess capacity in small-scale fisheries: Perspectives from stakeholders in three Southeast Asian countries ND Salayo, L Garces, M Pido, K Viswanathan, R Pomeroy, M Ahmed, I Siason, K Seng & A Masae -
Marine Policy, 2008 - ElsevierThe management of fishing capacity--in both inland and marine fisheries--is a major policy concern in most countries in Southeast Asia. Excess capacity leads to a number of negative impacts, such as resource use conflicts, overfishing, environmental degradation, economic wastage, and security threats. This paper presents the results of a regional study that examined various approaches to managing excess fishing capacity in small-scale fisheries in Southeast Asia. More specifically, the paper presents an analysis of perceptions of stakeholders in Cambodia, Philippines and Thailand regarding preferred solutions to addressing excess capacity. The paper concludes with a discussion of policy guidance for addressing excess fishing capacity based on the stakeholder-preferred solutions.
Knowledge, gender, and resources in small-scale fishing: The case of Honda Bay, Palawan, Philippines SV Siar -
Environmental Management, 2003 - Springer VerlagThe coastal zone is a place of intense activity where resources, users, and resource-use practices interact. This case study of small-scale fisheries in Honda Bay, Palawan, Philippines shows that resources, space, and gender are intertwined. The study was conducted between June 1997 and July 1998. The data were gathered using free listing, pile sort, ranking, resource mapping, and key informant interviews. The results showed that women's knowledge about fishery resources and their fishing activities are associated with the intertidal zone whereas men's knowledge is associated with coral reefs. In classifying fishery resources, appearance is the main consideration for women whereas a combination of appearance, habitat, and type of fishing gear is the consideration used by men. Market price is very important because of its dependence on the demand of the export market as well as the local market. Women dominate the buying of fishery products. Many women market their husband's catch, process fish, or gather shells and sea cucumber for sale. Among the fishing households, type of fishing gear provides an indication of socioeconomic standing. This paper concludes that access to resources is shaped by gender and age. The differences in resource knowledge possessed by men and women lead to differential access to fishery resources. In addition, the differences in socioeconomic status also influence resource access. The socialization of children into fishing reinforces the gender division of labor and space in the coastal zone.
Small-scale fisheries of coral reefs and the need for community-based resource management in Malalison Island, Philippines Fish landings in Malalison Island in the west central Philippines were monitored from February 1991 to January 1992 to determine the types of fishing gear employed, the predominant species caught, the catch per unit effort (CPUE), and the yield from the coral reefs. Fishing was monitored only during the spring tide periods, after a preliminary sampling showed no significant differences among four lunar phases. A total of 494 fishing operations was recorded. CPUE (kg per fisher h−1) by gear was 1.1 for spear guns, 1.4 for spear guns with compressor, 0.4 for set gill nets, 2.4 for drive-in gill nets, 1.2 for drift gill nets, and 0.7 for hook-and-lines. The CPUEs of Malalison gears are similar to those of other coral reef fisheries. Dominant species caught were fusiliers and surgeonfishes by gill net. surgeonfishes by spear gun, and snappers and groupers by hook-and-line. The fish yield from the Malalison coral reefs was estimated to be 5.8 t km−2 year−1, which is low, and similar to overexploited. reefs in the Philippines and elsewhere. Live coral cover averages 35% in Malalison. Reef degradation, high fishing effort, low yields, and the poverty of the fishing community suggest ‘Malthusian over-fishing’. Community based management and resource enhancement are being initiated by the SEAF-DEC Aquaculture Department to protect and sustain the fishery and improve the economy in Malalison Island.