Bridging traditional knowledge with mainstream technology to sustain cultural and biological diversity in the product development of wild honey: Focus on the indigenous peoples of the Palawan Biosphere Reserve, Philippines
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Declared a Man and Biosphere Reserve in 1991, the Palawan Biosphere Reserve in the Philippines is a biologically diverse province and home to a number of Indigenous Peoples particularly the Pala’wan, Tagbanua and Batak tribes. These IPs are dependent on their traditional wildlife hunting and gathering practices for food. The province-wide federation of the Indigenous Peoples, the Nagkakaisang Mga Tribung Palawan (NATRIPAL) or the United Tribes of Palawan, is undertaking projects in the area of education, health, organizing, advocacy and livelihood programs towards building a better future for the tribal peoples. A key initiative is the development for the mainstream market of specialty products such as the wild honey traditionally gathered for household consumption and at a limited scale for the local market. The opportunities, challenges and strategies in the development of this specialty product based on customary knowledge and practices of gathering enhanced by mainstream technology and enterprise management scheme(s) is discussed in the context of sustaining cultural and biological diversity of the indigenous peoples of Palawan Biosphere Reserve.
Pontillas, J. F., & Primavera, J. H. (2008). Bridging traditional knowledge with mainstream technology to sustain cultural and biological diversity in the product development of wild honey: Focus on the indigenous peoples of the Palawan Biosphere Reserve, Philippines. In Proceedings of the Joint Regional Seminar of the Ecotone-SeaBRnet 2007 and the 9th Conference of the China Biosphere Reserves Network (CBRN): Cultural Diversity - A Foundation for Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development, Maolan Biosphere Reserve, Libo County, Guizhou Province, P. R. China, 7-12 November 2007 (pp. 35–40). Jakarta: UNESCO Office.
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Institutional capacity development for sustainable aquaculture and fisheries: Strategic partnership with local institutions RF Agbayani & JD Toledo - In K Tsukamoto, T Kawamura, T Takeuchi, TD Beard Jr. & MJ Kaiser (Eds.), Fisheries for Global Welfare and Environment: Memorial Book of the 5th World Fisheries Congress 2008, 2008 - TerrapubMany people living in the rural areas in the Philippines, as in other developing countries in Southeast Asia, depend on aquatic resources for their food and livelihood. For the past two decades, the Aquaculture Department of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC-AQD) has been working with fishing communities and people’s organizations, business sector, local government units, national government agencies, non-government organizations (NGOs) and academic and other research institutions to promote the efficient conservation, management and sustainable development of the country’s fisheries and aquatic resources so that these may continue to serve the needs of the people today and tomorrow. Using the lessons learned from those two decades of multi-sectoral and inter-disciplinary collaborations, SEAFDEC-AQD launched in late 2006 a project called Institutional Capacity Development for Sustainable Aquaculture (ICDSA) to hasten the transfer to and adoption by coastal villagers of appropriate technologies that would enhance the productivity of aquatic resources and at the same time safeguard the fragile balance of the aquatic ecology. The experience of SEAFDEC in coastal resource management shows that it is important to engage the collaboration of the local government units and other “on-the-ground” institutions, such as NGOs and people’s organizations, to be able to introduce effectively any social and technological interventions to target community-beneficiaries. However, before a fruitful collaboration among these institutions could be attained, there is a need to build their capacities, and those of the beneficiaries, for the vital roles that they play in the implementation of livelihood projects and environmental management programs. As of January 2008, SEAFDEC-AQD is implementing ICDSA projects in four provinces—Antique, Capiz, Guimaras and Northern Samar in central Philippines. In the pipeline are similar projects for a province in southern Philippines and two provinces in the north.
Community-based Fishery Resources Management Project in Malalison Island: institutional arrangements for fisheries co-management RF Agbayani & AS Babol - In LMB Garcia (Ed.), Responsible Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia. Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development … Southeast Asia organized by the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department, 12-14 October 1999, Iloilo City, Philippines, 2001 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture DepartmentThe paper discusses the monitoring mechanism of the SEAFDEC/AQD Community-based Fisheries Resources Management (CFRM) Project at Malalison Island in west central Philippines. The objective of the project was to learn from the collaboration of community organizations, biologists, and social scientists in adapting aquaculture and fishery management techniques and to assess the replicability of the experience to other fishing communities. The monitoring mechanism used was Process Documentation Research (PDR), a way of recording the development process of a project focusing on the participatory model of the resource management strategy. A full-time, site-based process documentator gathered information. All activities, meetings, and consultations were tape-recorded. Informal talks or encounters with the people were also recorded. The paper showed that PDR provided a better understanding and insight on the positive and negative perceptions of the project beneficiaries on the CFRM project. Unlike other research monitoring methods that match budget with accomplishments, PDR bares the feelings, hopes, and fears of the project beneficiaries regarding the impact of the project on their lives.
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