Assessment of humphead wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus), spawning aggregations and declaration of marine protected area as strategy for enhancement of wild stocks
MetadataShow full item record
Humphead wrasse, known as the Napoleon fish (Cheilinus undulatus), is the largest living member of the family Labridae. It is slow growing but can grow to a maximum size exceeding 2 m and 190 kg. This species was the first commercially important coral reef food fish to be listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendix II in 2004 because of its vulnerable status and the ongoing threat to its conservation from international trade. Like many coral reef fishes, the humphead wrasse, Cheilinus undulatus, aggregate in reef areas when they spawn and this spawning behaviour makes them highly vulnerable to overfishing. Assessment of the spawning aggregations of this species was conducted in the municipalities of Sibutu and Sitangkai in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. Key informant interviews (KII) with fishermen, mariculturists, and other stakeholders and focus group discussions (FGD) with local government leaders, Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management (FARMC) members, mariculturists, and exporters were conducted. Guided by the results of these KII and FGDs, underwater visual census of mameng (local common name for Napoleon wrasse) populations (juvenile and mature) were conducted to document spawning aggregation sites. Since there was no photo-documentation of actual spawning aggregations of mameng in the reef areas, indirect measures were used. Result of the KII and FGD indicated that the Baligtang Reef in Sipangkot and Tando Owak are major sources of spawners. Anecdotal accounts of Bajau fishermen showed that Dungun Dungon, Baligtang reef, Tando Owak and Tugalan are traditional fishing grounds for mameng spawning aggregations. From the length-frequency analysis of mameng caught by hook and line and fish pot in the Baligtang Reef in Sipangkot, the estimated length at maturity of this species was found to be 25-35 cm. There were 134 individuals caught within this size range so they are considered potential spawners. Another indirect proof used was the underwater documentation of juvenile humphead wrasse which were regularly observed and photographed in association with seagrass beds and branching coral reefs in Baligtang Reef in Sipangkot, Sitangkai. Gonadal study also indicated that the mameng caught in this area had mature and ripe gonads but the number of mature fish depends on the season. These were the basis of declaring Spawning Aggregation Sites in Tando Owak and Dungun Dungun in Sibutu and Baligtang Reef, Sipangkot and Tugalan in Sitangkai. These were declared as marine protected areas by ordinance of the municipal Sangguniang Bayan of the two municipalities. Management and enforcement plans have been developed and Bantay Dagat have been trained to protect the spawning aggregations and this strategy aims to protect the wild stocks of humphead wrasse. Protecting the spawners would ensure that there would be enough recruits, prevent recruitment overfishing and enhance the wild stocks.
Romero, F. G., & Injani, A. S. (2015). Assessment of humphead wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus), spawning aggregations and declaration of marine protected area as strategy for enhancement of wild stocks. In M. R. R. Romana-Eguia, F. D. Parado-Estepa, N. D. Salayo, & M. J. H. Lebata-Ramos (Eds.), Resource Enhancement and Sustainable Aquaculture Practices in Southeast Asia: Challenges in Responsible Production of Aquatic Species: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Resource Enhancement and Sustainable Aquaculture Practices in Southeast Asia 2014 (RESA) (pp. 103-120). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Dept., Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
PublisherAquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Occurrence and distribution of milkfish larvae, Chanos chanos off the western coast of Panay Island, Philippines The occurence and distribution of milkfish larvae (∼3–17 mm TL) off western Panay Island, Philippines are reported based on 594 plankton net tows made in April and May 1980. Forty-two tows yielded 44 larvae, together with 1149 milkfish eggs by 98 tows. About 70% of the larvae of all stages came from stations less than 100 m deep and 1–2 km from land. Younger larvae up to 6 mm and about 1 week old occurred at stations of various distances from shore, while older larvae occurred only near shore. About 48% of larvae of all stages were caught by surface tows; younger larvae occurred also in deeper layers (20 and 30 m). Larval abundance increased towards May. Younger larvae tended to occur during the quarter moon periods and older ones during the full and new moon periods.
BookSS Mingoa-Licuanan & ED Gomez - 2007 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
Series: Aquaculture extension manual; No. 37This manual is meant to serve as a guide to the culture of giant clams (Bivalvia, Subfamily Tridacninae). The first part focuses on hatchery methods. The second part is about the ocean nursery. The first two sections refer to selection and setting the ocean nursery site. Clam transport is introduced next although this is further tackled in the last part of this manual. Finally, the third and last part discusses the purposes of stock enhancement, survey methods for stock assessment, transport, monitoring and record keeping.
Conference paperRA Francisco, MR Pundavela, JM Granali, LA Tumabiene, JP Alpino & VV Elmido - 2001 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department; Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development; Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic ResourcesLake Mahagnao in Burauen, Leyte (10° 52.15' N and 124° 51.32' E) lies 26 m above sea level. It is surrounded by a mountain range that includes a dormant twin volcano. A bathymetric survey established 122 sampling stations using Global Positioning System. The stations formed transect lines across the lake. A bathymetric map of Lake Mahagnao was generated with the use of the SURFER software. Lake Mahagnao has a shoreline of 15,590 m and surface area of 15.75 ha. The deepest portion of the lake is 18.75 m. The mean pH of the water is 6.58; water surface temperature, 27oC; and water visibility, 1.64 m. Eighty-one species were identified as primary producers. Station 5, the deepest portion of the lake, had the highest phytoplankton density at 4,716 cells/ml and Station 2 had only 634 cells/ml. Cyanobacteria were the most abundant in all the sampling stations.