Reaching the poor through aquaculture: The case of technology adoption in rural communities at west central Philippines
MetadataShow full item record
Aquaculture is promoted for food security and poverty alleviation in developing countries. This study examines the socio-economic impact of aquaculture technologies extended to calamitystricken rural communities in Nueva Valencia, Guimaras, representing the marine water fishery and in Dumarao, Capiz, representing the inland freshwater fishery at west central Philippines. The adoption pathway employed in both sites was community-based and participatory. The survey was conducted among cooperators and non-cooperators, randomly selected in equal numbers in two sites with 60 respondents each per site using a pre-tested interview schedule. Results showed that aquaculture is an acceptable technology both for cooperators and noncooperators. The venture is a profitable business either done individually or collectively through an association, if managed properly. Milkfish cage culture, however, needs big capital that technology adoption among local fisherfolk (Guimaras) is limited. In contrast, tilapia cage culture enables small farmers/fishers in Dumarao to venture on their own. Dumarao growers were able to innovate using local materials like bamboo poles to make their cages afloat instead of drums or plastic containers as buoys. There were, however, environmental, technological and institutional issues deterring technology adoption in both sites. Climate change and institutional issues were the more prevalent concerns of Dumarao growers. The technological issues like fluctuating market price, cost of feeds, and fry supply were more enunciated in Guimaras.
Baticados, D. B. (2015). Reaching the poor through aquaculture: The case of technology adoption in rural communities at west central Philippines. In M. R. R. Romana-Eguia, F. D. Parado-Estepa, N. D. Salayo, &M. J. H. Lebata-Ramos (Eds.), Resource Enhancement and Sustainable Aquaculture Practices in Southeast Asia: Challenges in Responsible Production of Aquatic Species: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Resource Enhancement and Sustainable Aquaculture Practices in Southeast Asia 2014 (RESA) (pp. 251-260). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
PublisherAquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
Sociological aspects; Socioeconomic aspects; Climate change; Cage culture; Food security; Technology transfer; Marine aquaculture; Freshwater aquaculture; Aquaculture; Fish culture; Chanos chanos; Oreochromis; Aquaculture; Technology adoption; Rural communities; Marine waters; Freshwater; Philippines
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
ArticleTU Bagarinao -
Aquaculture Engineering, 1998 - Society of Aquaculture Engineers of the Philippines, Inc.Contributed as Discussant in Technical Session 3 on Environmental Impacts of Marine Fishcage Farming, 12th Annual Meeting of the Society of Aquaculture Engineers of the Philippines, Inc. (SAEP), held at the BFAR-National Integrated Fisheries Technology Development Center (NIFTDC), Bonuan Binloc, Dagupan City, 07 November 1998.
The potential effect of greenwater technology on water quality in the pond culture of Penaeus monodon Fabricius Whitespot syndrome virus (WSSV) has caused severe production drops in the shrimp industry. Numerous scientific manuscripts deal with WSSV epidemiology, but reports on minimizing disease outbreaks through ecological means are rare. Industry stakeholders resorted to various innovative techniques to recover from heavy economic losses. Some shrimp farmers in the Philippines claimed that ‘greenwater’ (GW) technology could prevent disease outbreaks due to WSSV. The efficiency of the GW technology was evaluated by comparing three ponds using the GW culture technique with three ponds not using it. WSSV was detected only in one of the GW ponds and not in the non-GW ponds. No WSSV disease outbreak occurred, and no conclusion could be reached. In GW ponds, available soil sulphur content was lower; and in water, the observed counts of luminous bacteria were lower and counts of Chlorophyceae were higher. Chlorophyceae, i.e. algae, enhanced nutrient uptake in effluent streams resulting in improved water quality in Penaeus monodon Fabricius culture ponds. This suggests that the use of the GW technique to culture P. monodon improved water quality.