Orchestrating the southeast Asian aquaculture towards sustainability: SEAFDEC initiative
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Three years after the Philippines became a signatory to the Agreement Establishing the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC) in January 1968, the Philippine Government submitted a Position Paper during the Fourth Meeting of the SEAFDEC Council in January 1971, formally inviting SEAFDEC to establish a regional aquaculture project in the Philippines. This was anchored on the decision reached during the Third Ministerial Conference for the Economic Development of Southeast Asia in 1968, for SEAFDEC to consider the establishment of a new department to deal with freshwater and brackishwater fish culture, in addition to the already established Research and Training Departments. Subsequently, the Ministerial Conference established a working group of aquaculture experts from the Member Countries to conduct a study on the aquaculture situation in Southeast Asia. Their report which indicated that the new SEAFDEC Department could be established in the Philippines was considered by the Fourth Ministerial Conference for the Economic Development of Southeast Asia in 1969. This led to the series of surveys in the Philippines, conducted by a Survey Mission from the Japanese Overseas Technical Cooperation Agency headed by Dr. Katsuzo Kuronoma, former President of Tokyo University of Fisheries, Japan from 1969 to 1971 to identify the appropriate site of this new Department. Together with counterpart experts from the Philippines, the Survey Mission concluded that the Aquaculture Department would be established in Iloilo Province, Panay Island, Philippines, to undertake aquaculture research in the region, and training of researchers and technicians in aquaculture. Following a conference in September 1972 among representatives from the Philippines and Japan, the Mindanao State University which at that time had already developed the technology for breeding penaeid shrimps, was designated as implementing agency of the Project for the Philippine Government. Although shrimp culture was given priority in the initial project plan, it was also agreed that the new Department could undertake, whenever feasible, the culture of other coastal and brackishwater species, and in a subsequent stage, freshwater fish culture. Based on such recommendations and the commitments of the Governments of Japan and the Philippines to support the operations of the new SEAFDEC Department, the Sixth Meeting of the SEAFDEC Council in July 1973 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia agreed to establish the Aquaculture Department in Iloilo, Philippines, adopted the corresponding Plan of Operation and Program of Work, and approved the appointment of Dean Domiciano K. Villaluz as the first Department Chief. True to its word, the Aquaculture Department has since then been pursuing programs on sustainable development and responsible stewardship of aquaculture resources in Southeast Asia through research and promotion of appropriate aquaculture technologies and socio-economic strategies relevant to the sustainability of the aquaculture industry in the region.
CitationPongsri, C., Ayson, F. G., Sulit, V. T., Acosta, B. O., & Tongdee, N. (2015). Orchestrating the southeast Asian aquaculture towards sustainability: SEAFDEC initiative.
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Conference paperEEC Flores & TU Bagarinao - In TU Bagarinao & EEC Flores (Eds.), Towards sustainable aquaculture in Southeast Asia and Japan: Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, 26-28 July, 1994, 1995 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture DepartmentThis paper reviews the research output of the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department (AQD) over the past 21 years of its existence. These realized studies are compared with the priority problem areas recommended for research by international or regional seminar-workshops convened by AQD in 1983, 1987, 1991 and 1994. Between 1976 and 1994, AQD researchers produced 554 publications, including 274 in journals indexed by the Institute for Scientific Information, 122 in other journals, and 158 in conference proceedings. Another 82 publications from work done outside AQD were authored or co-authored by AQD researchers, mostly during their graduate programs. In addition, AQD published 21 extension manuals and 14 technical reports and monographs by AQD researchers, and co-published two other monographs by non-AQD researchers. AQD's major contributions have been the technologies for tiger shrimp seed production, grow-out culture, feeds, and disease control; milkfish seed production and feeds; rabbitfish seed production; and tilapia feeds and strain selection. Communication and two-way feedback among AQD researchers and representatives of the aquaculture industry and the SEAFDEC Member Countries must be improved to fine-tune AQD research. In the late 1980s, AQD started redirecting some of its research towards environmental problems in aquaculture. Much of the near future will be spent implementing research imperatives in sustainable and responsible aquaculture.
Book | Conference publication
Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia and Prospects for Seafarming and Searanching, 19-23 August 1991, Iloilo City, Philippines F Lacanilao, RM Coloso & GF Quinitio (Eds.) - 1994 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture DepartmentDocuments the presentations at ADSEA '91, the 2nd Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia. ADSEA '91 includes reviews of the status of the researches conducted by Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Aquaculture Department (SEAFDEC/AQD) on the following cultured species sea bass, groupers, snappers, milkfish, rabbitfish, mullet, tilapia, carp, catfish, bivalves and the seaweed Gracilaria. Topics on aquaculture development in Southeast Asia and Japan were also discussed. The status and development of seafarming and searanching in different SEAFDEC member countries and their ecological, social and economic implications were also presented. The contributions of the selected participants during the meeting which are contained in this volume are cited individually.
Book chapterQF Miravite - In D Spurgeon (Ed.), Give us the Tools: Science and Technology for Development, 1979 - International Development Research CentreIn 1977, scientists at the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Centre (SEAFDEC) in the Philippines became the first anywhere to succeed in breeding milkfish (Chanos chanos) in captivity. The advance was made possible by an IDRC grant, approved in 1974, for a three-year project of research in the breeding and rearing of this important source of protein. The initial grant, for $826,000, was renewed for another three years in December 1978 in the amount of $421,100.