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Lebata-Ramos, M. J. H. L. (2009). Mangroves. In Training Handbook on Rural Aquaculture (pp. 17-25). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center. http://hdl.handle.net/10862/3124
PublisherAquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
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ArticleJH Primavera -
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 1998 - ElsevierA total of 4845 penaeids belonging to nine species—Metapenaeus anchistus, M. ensis, M. moyebi, M. philippinensis, Penaeus merguiensis, P. monodon, P. semisulcatus, P. latisulcatus and Metapenaeopsis palmensis—were collected by pocket seine monthly over 13 months from mangrove and non-mangrove sites in Guimaras, Philippines. The restricted distribution of the three dominant species—M. ensisandP. merguiensisto the brackish water riverine mangrove, andM. anchistusto the high-salinity island mangrove and tidal flat—is probably related to different salinity and substrate preferences. Abundance and size composition of the major species suggest a strong nursery role for the riverine mangrove (high juvenile densities, relatively small sizes year-round), limited nursery use of the island mangrove (fewer shrimps, larger size ranges, presence of maturing females) and a non-nursery use (e.g. foraging) in the tidal flat. Penaeid recruitment to the river had two peaks in November and May when the average salinity was ∼20 (Practical Salinity Scale) and water temperatures were high (30–31 °C). The spatio-temporal pattern of penaeid species in Guimaras shows partitioning across habitats and seasonal recruitment influenced by physical and biological factors.
magazineArticleJ Primavera -
Fish for the People, 2004 - Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterAlthough multilateral agencies in Southeast Asia have long been promoting that mangroves, and other wetlands, are wastelands to be put into better use, such as conversion to ponds. However, there is a need for Mangrove Friendly Aquaculture (MFA) technology in the intertidal forest, or swamp, which does not require the clearing of trees. MFA may be defined on 2 levels: 1) silvofisheries or aquasilviculture, where the low density culture of crabs, shrimps and fish is integrated with mangroves; and, 2) mangrove filters where mangrove forests are used to absorb the excess nutrients in the effluents from high-density culture ponds. A review is made of MFA practices belonging to the first category. Discussion is on a country basis, moving from traditional systems in Indonesia, to the introduced technologies in Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines and Malaysia. It is hoped that this review will be of use to scientists, aquaculturists, policy makers and governmental/NGOs interested in making aquaculture more ecologically sound and socially responsible.
Fish habitats in a small, human-impacted Sibunag mangrove creek (Guimaras, Philippines): a basis for mangrove resource enhancement The fish assemblage of a small, open access mangrove creek highly influenced by aquaculture farms, was studied for the first time in the Philippines as a baseline of such system as well as examining the degree of ecological disturbance among fish habitats, as basis for the necessity to rehabilitate mangrove resources aiming to balance human activities and mangrove functioning. In total, 475 fishes (total weight = 3875 g) were captured and 50 species representing 32 families were identified. Thirty two species were represented by small numbers (< 5 individuals). Commercial species was considerably high (~23 species) but majority were low grade commercial species. Total species, species diversity and fish abundance consistently showed a decreasing pattern from outside creek to inner creek. Fish habitats exhibited substantial differences following a distinct spatial segregation of fish communities, a dominance of non-shared species and a minimal species overlapping inside the creek, which is attributable to the existing mangrove fragmentation associated with aquaculture ponds in the area. Increasing levels of disturbances were observed within the creek indicating ‘stress’ as a result of overutilization of mangroves by aquaculture farms. Our results confirmed the need to rehabilitate mangrove resources in this area. The development of mangrove resources through reforestation, coupled by strict regulation of fishing activities and aquaculture ponds will reduce ecological stress in the area and regain gradually a robust mangrove functioning that will improve fish diversity, fisheries and productivity of adjacent coastal systems by creating a suitable fish nursery, feeding ground and refuge habitat.