Growth response and carcass composition of red tilapia fry fed diets with varying protein levels and protein to energy ratios
MetadataShow full item record
An 8-week feeding experiment was conducted with red tilapia (Oreochromis ) fry of 0.160 plus or minus 0.035 g initial weight. Twelve diets of 4 protein levels (25, 30, 35 and 40%) and 3 protein to energy (P/E) ratios (111, 100 and 80 mg protein/kcal) at each protein level were used. The highest growth was attained by fry fed a 40% protein diet with a P/E ratio of 111 mg/kcal. A lower but not a significantly different growth response was attained by fry on a 35% protein diet with a P/E ratio of 111 mg/kcal and a 30% protein diet with a P/E ratio of 100. Protein efficiency ratio was affected by the dietary protein level. Feed conversion ratio was not significantly influenced by the dietary protein level nor the P/E ratio. Carcass moisture content (%) was affected only by the P/E ratio. Carcass moisture content was directly related to the P/E ratio of the diets and was inversely related to the digestible energy (DE) level. Both protein level and P/E ratio significantly influenced carcass lipid content (%) on a dry matter basis but not the ash content. Carcass lipid (5) increased with increasing dietary protein and increasing DE levels of the diet, but decreased with increasing P/E ratio. Carcass protein content decreased significantly with the decrease of P/E ratio and increase of DE level of the diet.
Santiago, C. B., & Laron, M. A. (1991). Growth response and carcass composition of red tilapia fry fed diets with varying protein levels and protein to energy ratios. In S. S. De Silva (Ed.), Fish Nutrition Research in Asia. Proceedings of the Fourth Asian Fish Nutrition Workshop, 3-8 September 1990, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India (pp. 55–62). Manila, Philippines: Asian Fisheries Society.
PublisherAsian Fisheries Society
- Conference Proceedings 
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Molecular cloning and localization of GABAA receptor-associated protein in the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis HS Marcial, K Suga, S Kinoshita, G Kaneko, A Hagiwara & S Watabe -
International Review of Hydrobiology, 2014 - Wiley-VCH Verlagγ-Aminobutyric acid receptor type A-associated protein (GABARAP) and its homologs constitute a protein family found in many eukaryotes from yeast to human, and are known to be involved in intracellular membrane trafficking of GABAA receptors and autophagy. In this study, we cloned cDNA-encoding GABARAP from the monogonont rotifer Brachionus plicatilis and examined for its tissue distribution at the protein level in neonates, males and females. Using reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) techniques, we showed that like other GABARAPs, rotifer GABARAP was also composed of 117 amino acids and highly homologous to vertebrate GABARAP2 ortholog (74–76% identity). GABARAP was demonstrated with its specific antibody to be ubiquitously distributed, irrespective of neonates, males, and females, in the coronal area that covers brain and contains most mechano- and chemoreceptors. Rotifer GABARAP was also expressed in the mature eggs but not in immature eggs. Double immunostaining with mammalian anti-GABA γ receptor antibody showed that rotifer GABARAP co-localized with GABA receptor, suggesting the association of the two proteins. The presence of GABARAP in rotifer implies that it is highly conserved during evolution, and plays important roles in various biological processes.
Evaluation of dietary freeze-dried Chaetoceros calcitrans supplementation to control Vibrio harveyi infection on Penaeus monodon juvenile Effects of supplementation of diets with freeze-dried Chaetoceros calcitrans to control Vibrio harveyi infection are evaluated through immune responses, and disease resistance of juvenile Penaeus monodon. Total lipid and fatty acid profile of Chaetoceros calcitrans is also analyzed. A challenge infection with 107 cfu/mL concentration of Vibrio harveyi is intramuscularly injected to juvenile Penaeus monodon after 45 days of feeding of diets supplemented with 15 g/kg and 30 g/kg dried Chaetoceros calcitrans. The use of dried Chaetoceros calcitrans is compared with that of ß-1,3 glucan Curdlan, a commercial immune enhancer. Incorporation of 30 g/kg Chaetoceros calcitrans in the diet enhances the immune system of shrimp as effected by high prophenoloxidase activity and plasma protein concentration and is better compared to the commercially available Curdlan. Chaetoceros calcitrans also contains polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as linolenic acid and eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) which are responsible for its antibacterial action against Vibrio harveyi. All these biological activities of Chaetoceros calcitrans add up to increase resistance of the juvenile Penaeus monodon to vibriosis as shown by its high survival rate from the challenge infection with Vibrio harveyi. Therefore, it is worthwhile to use Chaetoceros calcitrans as supplementary feed. Its effect in increasing the immune competence coupled with its antibacterial action, make the shrimp resistant to luminous vibriosis that continues to affect the industry, thereby augmenting aquaculture production.