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Duray, M. N., & Juario, J. V. (1995). The rabbitfishes. In C. E. Nash & A. J. Novotny (Eds.), Production of aquatic animals: fishes (World animal science series C8, pp. 339–345). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
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Conference paperAC Emata - In F Lacanilao, RM Coloso & GF Quinitio (Eds.), Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia and Prospects for Seafarming and Searanching; 19-23 August 1991; Iloilo City, Philippines., 1994 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterThis paper reviews studies conducted on milkfish (Chanos chanos), rabbitfish (Siganus guttatus), and mullet (Mugil cephalus) at the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department from 1968 to 1991. Milkfish studies focused on hormonal induction of off-season gonadal maturation, dietary manipulation of milkfish broodstock to improve egg and larval quality, improvement of larval rearing techniques for mass fry production and technology transfer to the private sector, and search for a low-cost, practical diet for milkfish and a supplemental diet to increase pond production. Preliminary success on alternate feed for larval rearing and spontaneous maturation of milkfish in concrete tanks may help alleviate milkfish fry supply in the future. Studies on rabbitfish centered on improvement of larval survival and search for the optimum diet for growth of rabbitfish fry and juveniles reared in ponds. The difficulty in rearing rabbitfish larvae due to high mortality at first week after hatching hinders the development of the rabbitfish industry. Research involving mullet was solely on the establishment of broodstock for fish propagation.
Broodstock management and seed production of the rabbitfish Siganus guttatus (Bloch) and the sea bass Lates calcarifer (Bloch) MN Duray & JV Juario - In JV Juario & LV Benitez (Eds.), Seminar on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, 8-12 September 1987, Iloilo City, Philippines, 1988 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterThis paper reviews results of studies conducted on the rabbitfish, Siganus guttatus (Bloch) and the sea bass Lates calcarifer (Bloch) at the Aquaculture Department of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center. Studies include broodstock development and management, induced breeding, effect of handling stress and diet on egg quality, early life history, food, feeding strategy, weaning to artificial diets, effect of stocking density and salinity on egg development, larval growth and survival, and advancement of metamorphosis in sea bass by using thyroxine. A seed production technique had been developed for rabbitfish with survival rates ranging from 5-35% while the seed production technique for sea bass developed in Thailand had been modified to suit local conditions. Based on results from recent morphological and physiological studies, the stocking density, water management, and feeding scheme for the production of rabbitfish and sea bass fry had been modified to reduce cannibalism and improve survival.
ArticleThe spawning behavior and embryonic and larval development of Siganus guttatus are described from laboratory observations. Characteristic prespawning behavior began 4 h before actual spawning: the female touched the anal region of the abdomen on the bottom of the tank; the male displayed short, jerky, rushing movements towards the female, often with rapid circling around her. The male and the female separately released small amounts of milt and eggs several times during the pre-spawning ritual. The color of both sexes changed, the male becoming lighter and the female darker in ground color. Spawning took place at 02.30 h on the third day after the first quarter of the moon. During actual spawning, the pair swam side by side, with the female slightly ahead of the male. Fertilized eggs were small (0.56±0.008 mm), demersal and adhesive, with many oil globules. Larvae measured 1.74±0.043 mm total length at hatching, and possessed eight pairs of free neuromasts with long cupulae (60–180 μm) from 6 h to 39 h after hatching. The adult complement of fin ray counts was attained on day 16 when larvae (=juveniles) measured 8.34 mm total length on the average.