The use of chemicals in aquaculture in India
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A review of the use of chemotherapeutants and other chemicals and drugs in Indian aquaculture is presented. A large number of products are used for various purposes such as soil and water treatments, disinfectants, piscicides, herbicides, organic and inorganic fertilizers, feed additives, therapeutants, and anesthetics. Farm management techniques for the use of chemicals are discussed, as are the hazards posed by, and impacts resulting from chemical use. Other approaches to disease prevention (crop holiday, pond preparation, regulating stocking density, effluent treatment systems) are considered, and national regulations on the use of chemicals in aquaculture and current research being conducted in India are summarized. Recommendations for the improved use of chemicals in Indian aquaculture are provided for farmers, government and aquaculture institutions, the chemical industry, regional and international agencies, and research institutions.
Pathak, S. C., Ghosh, S. K., & Palanisamy, K. (2000). The use of chemicals in aquaculture in India. In J. R. Arthur, C. R. Lavilla-Pitogo, & R. P. Subasinghe (Eds.), Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia: Proceedings of the Meeting on the Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia, 20-22 May 1996, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines (pp. 87-112). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
Stocking density; Aquaculture effluents; Ichthyocides; Anaesthetics; Aquaculture regulations; Husbandry diseases; Bacterial diseases; Pond culture; Environmental impact; Herbicides; Aquaculture; Control resistance; Feed composition; Disinfectants; Fertilizers; Water treatment; Pollutants; Fish diseases; International organizations; Prophylaxis; Chemical pollutants; Fish culture; India