Effect of dietary fatty acids on the fatty acid composition of Penaeus monodon juveniles.
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Six purified diets containing either pollack liver oil or a combination of dietary fatty acids (18:1ω9, 18:3ω3, 20:5ω3) at 5% level and a control (no lipid) were assessed for their influence on the fatty acid composition of Penaeus monodon juveniles (0.2-0.5 g). After a 35-day feeding period, the fatty acid composition of the neutral lipid (NL) and polar lipid (PL) fractions of prawn total lipids was analyzed. All treatments showed that the prawn lipid contained high level of polyenoic acids (20:4ω6, 20:5ω3, 22:6ω3); likewise the sum of ω3 series fatty acids were high in the PL fraction. The component fatty acids of prawns showed a correlation with those of the diet. However, some dietary fatty acids were incorporated more into the NL fraction (18:1ω9, 20:5ω3) than in the PL fraction (20:4ω6). The ratios of 18:1ω9/22:6ω3 and (18:1ω9 + 20:1ω9)/(20:5ω3 + 22:6ω3) were found to be the lowest in the PL of the prawn pollack liver oil.
Catacutan, M., Kanazawa, A. (1985).Effect of dietary fatty acids on the fatty acid composition of Penaeus monodon juveniles. (Abstract only). In Taki Y., Primavera J.H. and Llobrera J.A. (Eds.). Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Culture of Penaeid Prawns/Shrimps, 4-7 December 1984, Iloilo City, Philippines (p. 181). Iloilo City, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center. http://hdl.handle.net/10862/892
PublisherAquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
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Evaluation of dietary freeze-dried Chaetoceros calcitrans supplementation to control Vibrio harveyi infection on Penaeus monodon juvenile Effects of supplementation of diets with freeze-dried Chaetoceros calcitrans to control Vibrio harveyi infection are evaluated through immune responses, and disease resistance of juvenile Penaeus monodon. Total lipid and fatty acid profile of Chaetoceros calcitrans is also analyzed. A challenge infection with 107 cfu/mL concentration of Vibrio harveyi is intramuscularly injected to juvenile Penaeus monodon after 45 days of feeding of diets supplemented with 15 g/kg and 30 g/kg dried Chaetoceros calcitrans. The use of dried Chaetoceros calcitrans is compared with that of ß-1,3 glucan Curdlan, a commercial immune enhancer. Incorporation of 30 g/kg Chaetoceros calcitrans in the diet enhances the immune system of shrimp as effected by high prophenoloxidase activity and plasma protein concentration and is better compared to the commercially available Curdlan. Chaetoceros calcitrans also contains polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as linolenic acid and eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) which are responsible for its antibacterial action against Vibrio harveyi. All these biological activities of Chaetoceros calcitrans add up to increase resistance of the juvenile Penaeus monodon to vibriosis as shown by its high survival rate from the challenge infection with Vibrio harveyi. Therefore, it is worthwhile to use Chaetoceros calcitrans as supplementary feed. Its effect in increasing the immune competence coupled with its antibacterial action, make the shrimp resistant to luminous vibriosis that continues to affect the industry, thereby augmenting aquaculture production.
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