Cause of musty flavor in pond-cultured penaeid shrimp
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In 1983, penaeid shrimp shipped into the United States from culture ponds in Ecuador were found to have an intense earthy-musty flavor which made them unmarketable. High concentrations of geosmin (trans, 1-10-dimethyl-1-9 decalol), a musty odorous compound, were found in the tail muscle of the shrimp. The level of geosmin, 78 mg/kg muscle, was much higher than levels usually found in pond-cultured freshwater catfish of 13±3 mg/kg muscle. Cause of the rare occurrence of off-flavor in the shrimp is hypothesized to be severe reduction in salinity in the coastal culture ponds which allowed growth of odor-producing blue-green algae.
Lovell, R. T., & Livant, E. J. (1985). Cause of musty flavor in pond-cultured penaeid shrimp (Abstract only). In Taki Y., Primavera J.H. and Llobrera J.A. (Eds.). Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Culture of Penaeid Prawns/Shrimps, 4-7 December 1984, Iloilo City, Philippines (p. 173). Iloilo City, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.