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dc.contributor.authorMohamed, Shariff
dc.contributor.authorNagaraj, Gopinath
dc.contributor.authorChua, F. H. C.
dc.contributor.authorWang, Y. G.
dc.contributor.editorArthur, J. Richard
dc.contributor.editorLavilla-Pitogo, Celia R.
dc.contributor.editorSubasinghe, Rohana P.
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-27T10:37:49Z
dc.date.available2011-08-27T10:37:49Z
dc.date.issued2000
dc.identifier.citationMohamed, S., Nagaraj, G., Chua, F. H. C., & Wang, Y. G. (2000). The use of chemicals in aquaculture in Malaysia and Singapore. In: J.R. Arthur, C.R. Lavilla-Pitogo, & R.P. Subasinghe (Eds.) Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia : Proceedings of the Meeting on the Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia 20-22 May 1996, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines (pp. 127-140). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.en
dc.identifier.isbn9718511490
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10862/601
dc.description.abstractAquaculture is an increasingly important force in both the Malaysian as well as the Singaporean economies. In recent years, Singapore has focused on the aquarium fish trade, making it one of the largest ornamental fish production and transhipment centers in the world. Similarly, the Malaysian aquaculture industry has made rapid strides in the last few years and is poised to become a major contributor to the national fish supply by the early part of the next century. A significant trend in both countries has been the growing intensification of culture systems to achieve higher production per unit area. This has led to a greater occurrence of disease, particularly among aquarium fish, shrimp and marine fish farms. To obviate and control these diseases, there has been a concurrent increase in the use of chemotherapeutants. The three major groups of commonly used chemotherapeutants are: topical disinfectants, antimicrobials and probiotics. There is a wide range of topical disinfectants used by aquafarmers. The most common of these include lime, teaseed cake, formalin, benzalkonium chloride, acriflavine, malachite green, hypochlorite and poly-vinyl pyrrolidine. Of these, lime and teaseed cake are used exclusively in ponds, and acriflavine and malachite green only in hatcheries, while the others are used in both systems. Antimicrobials being used include sulfonamides, tetracyclines, nitrofurans, chloramphenicol, oxolinic acid and virginiamycin. A number of other chemotherapeutants are also used, albeit on a limited basis. The current concerns surrounding the use of chemotherapeutants and the legislative framework surrounding their sale and distribution are also discussed.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Centeren
dc.subjectSingaporeen
dc.subjectMalaysiaen
dc.subjectAsiaen
dc.titleThe use of chemicals in aquaculture in Malaysia and Singaporeen
dc.typeConference paperen
dc.citation.spage127
dc.citation.epage140
dc.citation.conferenceTitleUse of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia : Proceedings of the Meeting on the Use of Chemicals in Aquaculture in Asia 20-22 May 1996, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippinesen
dc.subject.asfaChlorophyllsen
dc.subject.asfaSafety regulationsen
dc.subject.asfaAnaestheticsen
dc.subject.asfaDisease controlen
dc.subject.asfaAntibioticsen
dc.subject.asfaZeolitesen
dc.subject.asfaAquacultureen
dc.subject.asfaAquarium cultureen
dc.subject.asfaDisinfectantsen
dc.subject.asfaProbioticsen
dc.subject.asfaOrnamental fishen
dc.subject.asfaAntiprotozoal agentsen
dc.subject.asfaMarine crustaceansen
dc.subject.asfaDrugsen
dc.subject.asfaFish cultureen
dc.subject.asfaPoliciesen
dc.subject.asfaShrimp cultureen
dc.subject.asfaAquaculture regulationsen
dc.subject.asfaTherapyen
dc.subject.asfaPond cultureen
dc.subject.asfaSaponinsen
dc.subject.asfaHatcheriesen
dc.subject.asfaIntensive cultureen
dc.subject.asfaIodine compoundsen
dc.subject.asfaFish diseasesen
dc.subject.asfaDyesen
dc.subject.asfaProphylaxisen
dc.subject.asfaHealth and safetyen
dc.subject.asfaMarine aquacultureen
dc.subject.asfaChemical pollutantsen


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