Exploring, harnessing and conserving marine genetic resources towards a sustainable seaweed aquaculture
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Seaweed cultivation is the fastest‐growing aquaculture sector, with a demonstrable potential to drive development in some of the poorest coastal populations worldwide. However, sustainable exploitation, fair access and equitable benefits from marine genetic resources, such as seaweeds have yet to be fully realised. Patchy fundamental knowledge on the genetic diversity and metabolic potential of algae limits their exploitation; scant practical skills and low investment in breeding restricts germplasm availability and the Nagoya protocol has only partially remediated insufficient governance. Further developments and the addressing of knowledge gaps in relation to biosecurity, breeders’ rights and conservation of genetic resources are needed for progress.
Brakel, J., Sibonga, R. C., Dumilag, R. V., Montalescot, V., Campbell, I., Cottier‐Cook, E. J., Ward, G., Le Masson, V., Liu, T., Msuya, F. E., Brodie, J., Lim, P., & Gachon, C. M. M. (2021). Exploring, harnessing and conserving marine genetic resources towards a sustainable seaweed aquaculture. Plants, People, Planet, ppp3.10190.
Algae; Aquaculture; Biosecurity; Breeding; Genetic diversity; Seaweeds; Seaweed culture; Sustainability; Sustainable aquaculture; Seaweed industry; Exploitation; Algal culture; Marine genetic resources; Eucheuma; Kappaphycus; Melanothamnus apiculatus; Neosiphonia apiculata; Kappaphycus alvarezii; Melanothamnus savatieri; Carrageenans
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