Towards sustainable aquaculture in Southeast Asia and Japan : proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, 26-28 July 1994
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Documents the presentations at ADSEA '94, the 3rd Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia. ADSEA '94 includes reviews of the status of aquaculture development in Southeast Asia and Japan and of the researches conducted by Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Aquaculture Department (SEAFDEC/AQD) to contribute to this development. Topics on responsible aquaculture, mollusc and seaweed culture, integrated farming, shrimp culture, diseases, and health management, and transgenic fish were also discussed. It also lists the research areas of 20 or so commodities prioritized for research at AQD for 1995-1997.
Bagarinao, T. U., & Flores, E. E. C. (Eds.). (1995). Towards Sustainable Aquaculture in Southeast Asia and Japan: Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, 26-28 July, 1994. Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department.
PublisherSEAFDEC Aquaculture Department
Sociological aspects; Genetically modified organisms; Shrimp culture; Conferences; Sustainable development; Mollusc culture; Aquaculture; Environmental factors; Aquaculture economics; Aquaculture development; Fish diseases; Seaweed culture; Research; Agropisciculture; Aquaculture techniques; South East Asia; Japan
TypeBook; Conference publication
Formatviii, 254 p. : ill.
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Conference paperSM Aypa - In TU Bagarinao & EEC Flores (Eds.), Towards sustainable aquaculture in Southeast Asia and Japan: Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, 26-28 July, 1994, 1995 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture DepartmentAquaculture is regarded as the most promising source of protein food in the years ahead. Milkfish and Nile tilapia are the major fishes now produced but groupers, sea bass, rabbitfish, red snappers, carps, and catfishes are grown by some farmers. The tiger shrimp is still the most important cultured crustacean, but white shrimps and mudcrabs also have great potential. Oysters and mussels are produced in considerable amounts. Mariculture of the seaweed Eucheuma is now a well established industry, and the pond culture of Gracilaria for agar extraction is beginning to take off.
Conference paperHR Rabanal - In F Lacanilao, RM Coloso & GF Quinitio (Eds.), Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia and Prospects for Seafarming and Searanching; 19-23 August 1991; Iloilo City, Philippines., 1994 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture DepartmentThe nine countries in Southeast Asia occupy a land area of 1.85% with a population of 7.4% in the world. In 1991, these countries had a total fisheries production of 10.2 million tons or 10.5% of the world total of 96.9 million tons. In aquaculture in 1990, world total production attained 15.3 million tons (15.7% of total world fisheries production) while the Southeast Asian countries produced 1.7 million tons (11 % of total world aquaculture production). The total fisheries production in Southeast Asia which is mainly capture fisheries has continued to increase gradually by about 3.3% from 1986 to 1990 while aquaculture production has been increasing at the rate of over 8.4% during this period.The major areas for aquaculture in Southeast Asia include inland freshwaters, brackishwaters, and marine waters. Various systems exist in the region including ponds, pens and cages, delimited or fenced open water areas, and culture integrated with other production activities. Highest potential is in Seafarming while ranching is a recent innovation. The species being cultured in the region consist of about 50 fishes, 10 crustaceans, 10 molluscs, 5 seaweeds, and 5 miscellaneous aquatic vertebrates.Aquaculture will increasingly supply food and industrial products considering the worldwide levelling off of capture fisheries production. Southeast Asia has the potential to contribute substantially to this need. Support for the industry inspite of this need is inadequate to meet its technical, economic, and management problems. A sound technological base through research and training and extension needs to be pursued vigorously.
Conference paperMN Kutty - In TU Bagarinao & EEC Flores (Eds.), Towards sustainable aquaculture in Southeast Asia and Japan: Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, 26-28 July, 1994, 1995 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture DepartmentCountries in Southeast Asia still display a vivid spectrum of developmental stages in aquaculture, the most and the least developed seen in contiguous areas despite geographic similarities. The Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific is actively involved in the development of aquaculture in the region, approaching it from a holistic viewpoint by integrating issues in environment, resource management, and socioeconomics into its program of work. Constraints related to site, inputs, and markets have assumed more importance in many countries, but transfer of technology is still the problem in about half the region. More intense culture systems, especially shrimp pond and fish cages, have resulted in serious problems of self-pollution, which affects the industry's own sustainability. A recent FAO-NACA regional study indicated that non-aquaculture sectors such as industries, agriculture, urbanization, and tourism have serious impacts on aquaculture, but there is little evidence that aquaculture is seriously affecting non-aquaculture sectors. Sustainability of aquaculture has to be considered along with economic and environmental sustainability. It appears from examples in the region that aquaculture that seriously damages the environment is economically unsustainable. Various constraints that impinge on the sustainability of aquaculture in the region are discussed.