Development and use of alternative ingredients or fish meal substitutes in aquaculture feed formulation: Proceedings of the ASEAN Regional Technical Consultation on Development and Use of Alternative Dietary Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation
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Recognizing the need for a concerted effort to follow-up on this priority issue of the ASEAN on aquaculture feed development and utilization. SEAFDEC (Aquaculture Department and Secretariat) and the Government of Myanmar organized the 'Regional Technical Consultation (RTC) on development and Use of Alternative Dietary Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation'. The meeting was convened with the main purpose of providing a forum for charting the regional priorities and future directions on feed development, particularly on the use of alternative feed ingredients or protein substitutes. The specific objectives were to: (i) review the ASEAN-SEAFDEC member country status, constraints associated with developing alternative dietary ingredients for aquaculture feed; (ii) identify specific advances being made in the region with respect to the development of alternative aquaculture feed ingredients; and (iii) define approaches or initiatives supporting catch reduction of low-value/trash fish; (iv) formulate relevant policy recommendations (regional and country-specific) for effective development and utilization of aquaculture feeds; and (v) enhance cooperation among member countries and relevant stakeholders on initiatives that support sustainable aquaculture practices, particularly on feeds. This publication presents the outputs of the RTC. The country reports and review papers presented during the conference which are contained in this volume are cited individually.
Catacutan, M. R., Coloso, R. M., & Acosta, B. O. (Eds.). (2015). Development and use of alternative ingredients or fish meal substitutes in aquaculture feed formulation: Proceedings of the ASEAN Regional Technical Consultation on Development and Use of Alternative Dietary Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation. Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center. http://hdl.handle.net/10862/3002
- Photo of Participants
- COUNTRY PAPERS
- Aquafeed development and utilization of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulation in Indonesia – Asda Laining and Anang Hari Kristanto
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Malaysia – Mohammed Suhaimee Abd. Manaf and Ahmad Faizal Mohamed Omar
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in the Philippines - Wilfredo M. Cruz, James Villanueva and Edna G. Janeo
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Thailand – Pairat Kosutarak
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulation in Viet Nam – Vu Anh Tuan
- A new type of fish diet,non-fish meal extruded pellet for yellow tail – Noriko Ishida,Tomohiko Koshiishi, Tatsuo Tsuzaki, Soetsu Yanagi, Satoshi Katayama,Minoru Satoh and Shuichi Satoh
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Japan: Recent progress of fish meal replacement study on marine fish– Shunsuke Koshio
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Cambodia – Thay Somony, Ros Kunthy and Hang Savin
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Lao PDR – Thongkoun Khonglaliane
- Development and use of alternative dietary ingredients for fish meal in Myanmar – Kyaw Kyaw
- Status of development and use of alternative ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Singapore - Ong Yihang and Vincent Ong
- REVIEW PAPERS
- Use of plant protein in aquaculture feed for top five commodities in ASEAN Member States - RelicardoM. Coloso
- Use of plant protein in aquaculture feed for high value marine species - Mae R.Catacutan
- Processing of alternative feed ingredients in aquaculture feed - Myrna B. Teruel and Brett Glencross
- Overview on the use of plant protein in aquaculture feed – Mali Boonyaratpalin
- FAO policies and initiatives promoting responsible and efficient use of feed ingredients from marine animal origin - Weimin Miao, Mohammad Hasan and SimonFunge-Smith
- Regional policy recommendations for development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulation – SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department and Secretariat
- SUMMARY OF ISSUES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
- List of participants
- Outputs of workshop to identify gaps, emerging issues and formulate policy recommendations
- Workshop to identify gaps, emerging issues and formulate policy recommendations: Composition of working groups
PublisherAquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
TypeBook; Conference publication
Formatx, 142 pages : color illustrations.
We gratefully acknowledge the Japan-ASEAN Solidarity Fund, administered by the ASEAN Foundation, for the main financial support provided. We also thank the Government of Myanmar for hosting the meeting and for the logistical support. Technical and partial financial support was also given by the SEAFDEC Secretariat through the Japan Trust Fund. Special thanks are also due to all meeting participants, particularly the Member Country representatives and the Panel of Experts for their invaluable contributions to the meeting. The editors would like to thank the members of SEAFDEC/AQD’s Publications Review Committee, especially, Dr. Evelyn Grace de Jesus-Ayson, Dr. Junemie Hazel Lebata-Ramos, Dr. Maria Lourdes Aralar, Dr. Nerissa Salayo, Dr. Myrna Teruel and Dr. Rolando Pakingking for reviewing the Proceedings prior to its publication. Thanks are also due to the Development Communication Section of the Training and Information Division of SEAFDEC/AQD, led by Mr. Jesus Manolo Almendras, for copy-editing and layout. And lastly, to Mr. Isidro Tendencia and Dr. Relicardo Coloso for the design and concept of the cover.
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Supporting ASEAN good aquaculture practices: Utilization of alternative protein sources for aquafeed to minimize pressure on fishery resources REP Mamauag -
Fish for the People, 2016 - Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterAquaculture industry of Southeast Asia has been expanding steadily as a result of an increasing demand of food fish in the region as well as in the global scale. Aside from its contribution to the world’s fisheries, the aquaculture industry creates employment opportunities and provides income for the region’s fish farmers, as well as produces fish which is a major component in the diets of peoples in Southeast Asia. However, the fast development of aquaculture had been viewed as threat to sustainable capture fisheries production as the widespread use of fish by-catch in aquaculture feeds results in overexploitation of the fishery resources and to certain extent degradation of the resources. Recognizing the importance and urgency of addressing such concern, the Senior Officials of the ASEAN Member States responsible for fisheries adopted in June 2011, the Plan of Action on Sustainable Fisheries for Food security for the ASEAN Region Towards 2020 which includes provision on the need to “improve the efficient use of aquatic feeds by strictly regulating the quality of manufactured feed and feed ingredients and support continued research for developing suitable alternative protein sources that will reduce dependence on fishmeal and other fish-based products.” Along with such declaration, the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department has been enhancing its R&D activities aimed at finding alternatives to fishmeal as feed ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations.
Conference paperMR Catacutan - In MR Catacutan, RM Coloso & BO Acosta (Eds.), Development and Use of Alternative Dietary Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation … Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation, 9-11 December 2014, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, 2015 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterCultured marine aquatic species are predominantly carnivorous. Major species in the region are seabass, grouper, snapper, tiger shrimp, mangrove crab and abalone. These species, except for abalone, require a high level of dietary protein mostly supplied by marine sources such as fish meal. Global production of marine fish and marine shrimps showed a 3-4 fold increase from 1995 to 2010. For the same period, the usage of commercial feed for production of marine fish and shrimps increased while the fish meal portion in the formulation decreased. This is indicative of fish meal being substituted with alternative sources in commercial feed production, and to some extent the substitution of marine oil which particularly improved the FCR for the marine fish production from 2.0 to 1.9 and for marine shrimps from 2.0 to 1.6. Plant products that include cereal grains, legumes and oilseeds have the most potential among the alternative ingredients for use in aquafeed. The use of these resources for high value marine species is limited due to a variety of anti-nutritional substances they contain. Removal of these substances by processing techniques has improved utilization but with added cost. Hence, fish meal is still the primary source of protein for marine carnivores and its substitution with higher amounts of alternative plant proteins may be difficult compared with lower levels of replacements. The Asian region has accounted for the more than 50% of the total global aquaculture production in 2012 with indications of increased utilization of alternative protein sources in commercial feed production. For the major marine species in the region the increasing trend of plant protein usage with the targeted levels of substitution of fish meal with plant protein sources should be sustainable.
Status development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulation in the Philippines WM Cruz, J Villanueva & EG Janeo - In MR Catacutan, RM Coloso & BO Acosta (Eds.), Development and Use of Alternative Dietary Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation … Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation, 9-11 December 2014, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, 2015 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterIn 2011, the Philippines ranked 7th in the world in fish production. It produced 4.97 thousand metric tons of fish, mollusks, crustaceans, and aquatic plants (seaweeds). The Philippines also ranked 11th in aquaculture production with 1.22% of the world s aquaculture production of 62.7 million metric tons (mt). Aquaculture in the Philippines generally depends on commercially-milled aquafeeds which in 2012 amounted to 61,846 mt. Aquaculture feed is composed of 24.3% fish meal. Fish-by-catch is associated with trash fish. Utilization of trash fish in the country in each segment could be summarized as: (1) for human consumption; (2) for processing of fish sauce; (3) for production of fish meal; and, (4) as direct feed for aquaculture. In 2013, about 15 thousand mt (24.3%) of fish meal were used wherein 3.97 thousand mt is imported while about 11 thousand mt is assumed to come from the local fish meal. The product lines of these plants are tuna and sardines based meal using heads, tails and whole fish rejected from tuna and sardine canneries. Local fish meal has around 50-55% protein content. Due to limited production and high cost of fish meal, the use of alternative feed ingredients for aqua feed sources are being utilized which include: a) legumes; b) Ipil-ipil leaf meal; c) miscellaneous fodder plants, such as the leaves and other aerial parts of papaya, water hyacinth, Ipomea and sweet potato; d) roots and tubers like arrow roots (Maranta arundinacea), sweet potato(Ipomea batatas L.), cassava (Manihot escolenta Crantz), taro (Colocasia esculenta L.), and elephant yam (Amorphophallus campanulatus); e) cereals and cereal by-products like rice bran and maize and f) oil cakes and oil meals. For feeds of animal origin, African snail meal, Giant toad meal, fish silage, feather meal, maggot meal, mussel (tahong) meal, and Superworm, Zophobas morio are identified. To improve the efficiency of feeding, there are three (3) practices being used in the Philippines. These are a) biomass feeding, b) satiation or Ad Libitum , and c) the use of automatic and demand feeder. For organic aquaculture, azolla and lemna (duckweed) are being cultured in separate ponds or in hapas installed within the ponds and feeding is being done by scooping the plants out to feed the fish. In contrast, lab-lab, an association of microbenthic organism is grown in the ponds using organic fertilizer.