Development and use of alternative ingredients or fish meal substitutes in aquaculture feed formulation: Proceedings of the ASEAN Regional Technical Consultation on Development and Use of Alternative Dietary Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation
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Recognizing the need for a concerted effort to follow-up on this priority issue of the ASEAN on aquaculture feed development and utilization. SEAFDEC (Aquaculture Department and Secretariat) and the Government of Myanmar organized the 'Regional Technical Consultation (RTC) on development and Use of Alternative Dietary Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation'. The meeting was convened with the main purpose of providing a forum for charting the regional priorities and future directions on feed development, particularly on the use of alternative feed ingredients or protein substitutes. The specific objectives were to: (i) review the ASEAN-SEAFDEC member country status, constraints associated with developing alternative dietary ingredients for aquaculture feed; (ii) identify specific advances being made in the region with respect to the development of alternative aquaculture feed ingredients; and (iii) define approaches or initiatives supporting catch reduction of low-value/trash fish; (iv) formulate relevant policy recommendations (regional and country-specific) for effective development and utilization of aquaculture feeds; and (v) enhance cooperation among member countries and relevant stakeholders on initiatives that support sustainable aquaculture practices, particularly on feeds. This publication presents the outputs of the RTC. The country reports and review papers presented during the conference which are contained in this volume are cited individually.
Catacutan, M. R., Coloso, R. M., & Acosta, B. O. (Eds.). (2015). Development and use of alternative ingredients or fish meal substitutes in aquaculture feed formulation: Proceedings of the ASEAN Regional Technical Consultation on Development and Use of Alternative Dietary Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation. Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
- Photo of Participants
- COUNTRY PAPERS
- Aquafeed development and utilization of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulation in Indonesia – Asda Laining and Anang Hari Kristanto
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Malaysia – Mohammed Suhaimee Abd. Manaf and Ahmad Faizal Mohamed Omar
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in the Philippines - Wilfredo M. Cruz, James Villanueva and Edna G. Janeo
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Thailand – Pairat Kosutarak
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulation in Viet Nam – Vu Anh Tuan
- A new type of fish diet,non-fish meal extruded pellet for yellow tail – Noriko Ishida,Tomohiko Koshiishi, Tatsuo Tsuzaki, Soetsu Yanagi, Satoshi Katayama,Minoru Satoh and Shuichi Satoh
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Japan: Recent progress of fish meal replacement study on marine fish– Shunsuke Koshio
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Cambodia – Thay Somony, Ros Kunthy and Hang Savin
- Status of development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Lao PDR – Thongkoun Khonglaliane
- Development and use of alternative dietary ingredients for fish meal in Myanmar – Kyaw Kyaw
- Status of development and use of alternative ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Singapore - Ong Yihang and Vincent Ong
- REVIEW PAPERS
- Use of plant protein in aquaculture feed for top five commodities in ASEAN Member States - RelicardoM. Coloso
- Use of plant protein in aquaculture feed for high value marine species - Mae R.Catacutan
- Processing of alternative feed ingredients in aquaculture feed - Myrna B. Teruel and Brett Glencross
- Overview on the use of plant protein in aquaculture feed – Mali Boonyaratpalin
- FAO policies and initiatives promoting responsible and efficient use of feed ingredients from marine animal origin - Weimin Miao, Mohammad Hasan and SimonFunge-Smith
- Regional policy recommendations for development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulation – SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department and Secretariat
- SUMMARY OF ISSUES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
- List of participants
- Outputs of workshop to identify gaps, emerging issues and formulate policy recommendations
- Workshop to identify gaps, emerging issues and formulate policy recommendations: Composition of working groups
PublisherAquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
TypeBook; Conference publication
Formatx, 142 pages : color illustrations.
We gratefully acknowledge the Japan-ASEAN Solidarity Fund, administered by the ASEAN Foundation, for the main financial support provided. We also thank the Government of Myanmar for hosting the meeting and for the logistical support. Technical and partial financial support was also given by the SEAFDEC Secretariat through the Japan Trust Fund. Special thanks are also due to all meeting participants, particularly the Member Country representatives and the Panel of Experts for their invaluable contributions to the meeting. The editors would like to thank the members of SEAFDEC/AQD’s Publications Review Committee, especially, Dr. Evelyn Grace de Jesus-Ayson, Dr. Junemie Hazel Lebata-Ramos, Dr. Maria Lourdes Aralar, Dr. Nerissa Salayo, Dr. Myrna Teruel and Dr. Rolando Pakingking for reviewing the Proceedings prior to its publication. Thanks are also due to the Development Communication Section of the Training and Information Division of SEAFDEC/AQD, led by Mr. Jesus Manolo Almendras, for copy-editing and layout. And lastly, to Mr. Isidro Tendencia and Dr. Relicardo Coloso for the design and concept of the cover.
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Supporting ASEAN good aquaculture practices: Utilization of alternative protein sources for aquafeed to minimize pressure on fishery resources REP Mamauag -
Fish for the People, 2016 - SEAFDEC SecretariatAquaculture industry of Southeast Asia has been expanding steadily as a result of an increasing demand of food fish in the region as well as in the global scale. Aside from its contribution to the world’s fisheries, the aquaculture industry creates employment opportunities and provides income for the region’s fish farmers, as well as produces fish which is a major component in the diets of peoples in Southeast Asia. However, the fast development of aquaculture had been viewed as threat to sustainable capture fisheries production as the widespread use of fish by-catch in aquaculture feeds results in overexploitation of the fishery resources and to certain extent degradation of the resources. Recognizing the importance and urgency of addressing such concern, the Senior Officials of the ASEAN Member States responsible for fisheries adopted in June 2011, the Plan of Action on Sustainable Fisheries for Food security for the ASEAN Region Towards 2020 which includes provision on the need to “improve the efficient use of aquatic feeds by strictly regulating the quality of manufactured feed and feed ingredients and support continued research for developing suitable alternative protein sources that will reduce dependence on fishmeal and other fish-based products.” Along with such declaration, the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department has been enhancing its R&D activities aimed at finding alternatives to fishmeal as feed ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations.
Conference paperMR Catacutan - In MR Catacutan, RM Coloso & BO Acosta (Eds.), Development and Use of Alternative Dietary Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation … Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation, 9-11 December 2014, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, 2015 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterCultured marine aquatic species are predominantly carnivorous. Major species in the region are seabass, grouper, snapper, tiger shrimp, mangrove crab and abalone. These species, except for abalone, require a high level of dietary protein mostly supplied by marine sources such as fish meal. Global production of marine fish and marine shrimps showed a 3-4 fold increase from 1995 to 2010. For the same period, the usage of commercial feed for production of marine fish and shrimps increased while the fish meal portion in the formulation decreased. This is indicative of fish meal being substituted with alternative sources in commercial feed production, and to some extent the substitution of marine oil which particularly improved the FCR for the marine fish production from 2.0 to 1.9 and for marine shrimps from 2.0 to 1.6. Plant products that include cereal grains, legumes and oilseeds have the most potential among the alternative ingredients for use in aquafeed. The use of these resources for high value marine species is limited due to a variety of anti-nutritional substances they contain. Removal of these substances by processing techniques has improved utilization but with added cost. Hence, fish meal is still the primary source of protein for marine carnivores and its substitution with higher amounts of alternative plant proteins may be difficult compared with lower levels of replacements. The Asian region has accounted for the more than 50% of the total global aquaculture production in 2012 with indications of increased utilization of alternative protein sources in commercial feed production. For the major marine species in the region the increasing trend of plant protein usage with the targeted levels of substitution of fish meal with plant protein sources should be sustainable.
Status on development and use of alternative dietary ingredients in aquaculture feed formulations in Viet Nam VA Tuan - In MR Catacutan, RM Coloso & BO Acosta (Eds.), Development and Use of Alternative Dietary Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation … Ingredients or Fish Meal Substitutes in Aquaculture Feed Formulation, 9-11 December 2014, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, 2015 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterThis paper reviewed fish catch production and estimated demand of aquafeed, fish meal, fish oil, soybean meal in Viet Nam for year 2013. Fish catch production was around 2.8 million metric tons (mt) while marine fish production was 1.9 million mt. Estimated marine trash fish production was 0.8 million mt with over 100 species including the dominant species anchovy (Stolephorus spp.), lizard fish (Saurida spp.) and pony fish (Leistognathus spp.). Approximately 0.5 million mt of marine trash fish was used for livestock, aquaculture and fish meal. Local marine fish meal consisting of protein content from 50 to 68% and catfish byproduct meal containing protein level from 50 to 60% were available. Based on FCR values of 5 major species including catfish, black tiger shrimp, white leg shrimp, Asian seabass, and snake head, aquafeed production was estimated at around 2.5 million mt. Marine fish oil/squid liver oil requirement was from 15.5 to 31 thousand mt. Fish meal demand was from 252 and 430 thousand mt. Almost all fish meal and marine fish oil used in aquafeed were imported. Moreover, soybean and other plant ingredients are potential alternative sources to replace fish meal and fish oil. Vietnamese farmers produced 168 thousand mt soybean while soybean demand amounts for aquafeed were from 693 to 1,140 thousand mt. In 2013, feedmills imported approximately 3 million mt of soybean meal (cake) from many countries in the world. Some other plant protein sources which were also imported, have good nutrient profiles but they contain some anti-nutritional factors. In the future, research on replacement of fish meal and fish oil with plant and animal by-product sources and feed additives for aquafeed should be studied. In particular, the management of local fish meal plants and capture fishery should be improved.